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Table 4 Factors related to homebound progression based on proportional hazards regression among individuals living independently at baseline, with covariate adjustment for demographic factors, NHATS 2011–2017 (n = 11,528). *95% confidence interval excludes 1

From: Modifiable risk factors for homebound progression among those with and without dementia in a longitudinal survey of community-dwelling older adults

Modifiable Factors No Dementia
HR [95% CI]
Dementia
HR [95%]
Interaction p-value
Wears glasses 1.080 [0.994,1.173] 1.052 [0.91,1.217] 0.85
Depressive symptoms 1.398 [1.266,1.544]* 1.184 [1.020,1.375]* 0.11
Wears hearing aid 0.938 [0.841,1.047] 0.910 [0.743,1.116] 0.31
Social isolation 1.147 [1.047, 1.256] 0.976 [0.764, 1.247] 0.23
Stairs to enter home 0.913 [0.836,0.998]* 1.011 [0.867,1.179] 0.06
Using cane/walker 1.968 [1.790,2.163]* 1.386 [1.172,1.639]* < 0.001
Falls within past month 1.382 [1.229, 1.555]* 1.334 [1.126, 1.579]* 0.99
Worry about falls 1.525 [1.399, 1.662]* 1.254 [1.080, 1.454]* 0.007
Bothered by pain 1.198 [1.104, 1.300]* 1.218 [1.051, 1.411]* 0.99
Trouble sleeping 1.070 [0.986, 1.162] 0.977 [0.843, 1.133] 0.34
  1. Abbreviations: HR Hazards Ratio, CI Confidence interval