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Table 4 Multivariate Logistic Regression Analyses with Depression Trajectory Groups. Estimation of odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (C.I.). Low-flat depression as the reference group

From: Latent class growth modeling of depression and anxiety in older adults: an 8-year follow-up of a population-based study

Variables Low-to-middle Low-to-high High-stable
OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) P-value
Anxiety
Low-flat   
Low-to-middle 9.26 (5.63–15.22) < 0.0001 5.80 (1.71–19.68) 0.005 2.67 (0.80–8.95) 0.111
High-to-low 2.19 (0.96–4.98) 0.061 3.64 (0.84–15.71) 0.084 10.65 (5.30–21.38) < 0.0001
High-curved 25.91 (7.45–90.15) < 0.0001 0.01 (0.01–99.9) 0.992 17.31 (3.04–98.68) < 0.0001
Sex
Male   
Female 1.51 (1.07–2.12) 0.018    1.87 (1.02–3.41) 0.042
More than 3 chronic diseases a
No   
Yes 3.96 (1.83–8.59) 0.0005    4.18 (1.01–17.31) 0.049
Economic Activity
Yes   
No    2.79 (1.15–6.80) 0.024 1.91 (1.02–3.59) 0.044
  1. aChronic diseases = hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, back pain, cataracts, osteoporosis, and arthritis, loss of hearing or vision