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Table 3 Comparison of surveys outcomes between groups at baseline and 3-month assessments

From: Impact of the HOP-UP-PT program on older adults at risk to fall: a randomized controlled trial

  Encounter n= Mean (SD) Encounter n= Mean (SD) P-Value
  Control Group Experimental Group  
Stay Independent Brochure Questionnaire-Risk of Falling
• 0-Lowest Perceived Risk
• 14-Highest Perceived Risk
C1 69 4.7 (3.2) E1 72 4.8 (3.0) 0.84
C2 48 4.2 (2.8) E2 58 3.3 (2.9) 0.10
Modified Falls Efficacy Scale
• 0-Lowest Confidence
• 14-Highest Confidence
C1 68 9.0 (1.8) E1 72 9.2 (1.7) 0.82
C2 47 9.2 (1.7) E2 57 9.7 (1.1) 0.39
Health Behavior Questionnaire
Transtheoretical Model-Stages Behavior of Change
Precontemplation = 5
Contemplation = 4
Preparation = 3
Action = 2
Maintenance = 1
Meets Recommended Physical Activity Levels C1 69 1.9 (1.3) E1 70 2.0 (1.2) 0.25
C2 47 2.2 (1.5) E2 53 1.7 (1.0) 0.23
Consumes Recommended Fruits and Vegetables C1 66 2.4 (1.5) E1 71 2.2 (1.3) 0.52
C2 47 2.2 (1.5) E2 52 2.0 (1.2) 0.59
Abstains from Smoking C1 68 1.1 (0.4) E1 72 1.1 (0.5) 0.54
C2 47 1.1 (0.4) E2 53 1.0 (0.3) 0.92
At Recommended Weight C1 68 2.1 (1.4) E1 67 2.2 (1.3) 0.62
C2 46 1.9 (1.2) E2 52 1.8 (1.2) 0.79
Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9)
• 0- Lowest Severity of Depression
• 27-Highest Severity of Depression
C1 69 4.0 (4.3) E1 70 3.4 (3.9) 0.38
C2 47 2.6 (3.2) E2 57 2.6 (3.1) 0.77
  1. C1 = control group baseline assessment; C2 = control group 3-month; E1 = experimental group baseline assessment; E2 = experimental group 3-month assessment; SD = standard deviation