Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of study participants

From: Association between handgrip strength and cognition in a Chinese population with Alzheimer’s disease and mild cognitive impairment

Variable All participants (n = 1431) Male (n = 698) Female (n = 733) P Value
Age (years) 69.9 ± 9.8 70.1 ± 10.0 69.8 ± 9.6 0.180
Education (years) 10.6 ± 4.6 11.7 ± 4.3 9.6 ± 4.6 < 0.001
Height(cm) 161.5 ± 13.7 168.4 ± 8.3 155.9 ± 14.6 < 0.001
BMI (kg/m2) 22.9 ± 3.3 23.2 ± 3.2 22.6 ± 3.3 0.034
Handgrip strength (kg) 24.5 ± 8.8 31.0 ± 8.6 20.4 ± 5.9 < 0.001
AD (n,%) 596 (41.2 %) 293 (42.7 %) 303 (41.0 %) 0.287
MCI (n,%) 288 (20.2 %) 145 (20.8 %) 143 (19.5 %) 0.401
MMSE 22.5 ± 7.1 22.7 ± 6.8 22.4 ± 7.3 0.884
MoCA-BC 18.7 ± 7.9 18.6 ± 8.0 18.9 ± 7.9 0.919
ACE-III-CV 62.1 ± 22.0 62.0 ± 22.4 62.3 ± 21.1 0.232
ADL 24.5 ± 9.2 23.9 ± 8.6 25.4 ± 10.2 <0.001
FAQ 5.1 ± 7.7 4.7 ± 7.4 5.8 ± 8.1 0.004
  1. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation or numbers (percentages)
  2. ADL Activities of Daily Living, AD Alzheimer’s disease, ACE-III-CV Chinese version of Addenbrooke’s Cognitive Examination III, BMI body mass index, FAQ Functional Activities Questionnaire, MCI mild cognitive impairment, MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination, MoCA-BC Montreal Cognitive Assessment-Basic