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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the participants

From: Systematic geriatric assessment for older patients with frailty in the emergency department: a randomised controlled trial

   Intervention group Control group
213 219
Age median (IQR) 85 (80-89.5) 85 (80-90)
range 75 - 103 75 - 102
Female gender n (%) 136 (63.8) 135 (61.6)
CFS median (IQR) 6 (5-6) 5 (5-6)
Home-dwellinga n (%) 194 (91.1) 170 (88.1)
Number of medicationsb median (IQR) 10 (7-14) 10 (7-14)
Cardiovascular disease n (%) 123 (57.7) 131 (59.8)
Cognitive disorder n (%) 82 (38.5) 93 (42.5)
Pulmonary disease n (%) 43 (20.2) 46 (21.0)
Malignancy n (%) 28 (13.1) 26 (11.9)
Diabetes n (%) 54 (25.4) 50 (22.8)
Stroke or TIA in history n (%) 36 (16.9) 39 (17.8)
ED chief complaint: trauma n (%) 41 (19.2) 43 (19.6)
ED chief complaint: acute condition nontrauma n (%) 166 (77.9) 172 (78.5)
ED admission for other or nonspecific cause n (%) 6 (2.8) 4 (1.8)
NEWS2c median (IQR) 1 (0-3) 1 (0-4)
EQ-5D-5L-indexd mean (SD) 0.557 (0.283) 0.545 (0.264)
EQ-5D-5L-VASe mean (SD) 45.4 (27.1) 41.8 (27.0)
  1. Abbreviations: IQR interquartile range, SD standard deviation, NEWS2 National Early Warning Score 2, ED emergency department, VAS visual analog scale
  2. aHome-dwelling status data acquired during the intervention included for the intervention group. Data available for 213 patients in the intervention group and 193 patients in the control group
  3. bNumber of medications data available for 108 patients in the intervention group and 119 in the control group
  4. cNEWS2 data of ED admission available for 180 patients in the intervention group and 193 in the control group
  5. dEQ-5D-5L-index -data available for 112 patients in the intervention group and 129 in the control group
  6. eEQ-5D-5L-VAS -data available for 118 patients in the intervention group and 139 in the control group