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Table 2 Walking parameters measured in daily life over four time periods

From: Intra-day variation in daily outdoor walking speed among community-dwelling older adults

  EM MO AF   
n Mean SD n Mean SD n Mean SD   
Number of measurements 64 59 84 90 100 86 92 128 144   
Walking speed (m/s) 64 1.33 0.16 90 1.29 0.13 92 1.27 0.11   
Step length (m) 64 0.68 0.06 90 0.67 0.06 92 0.67 0.05   
Cadence (step/min) 64 116.87 8.99 90 116.55 7.33 92 113.75 5.57   
  EV NI Significant differences†
  n Mean SD n Mean SD
Number of measurements 92 88 74 75 30 69 EM < MO,AF; MO > NI, AF > EV,NI; EV > NI
Walking speed (m/s) 92 1.26 0.12 75 1.28 0.16 EM > AF,EV
Step length (m) 92 0.67 0.05 75 0.67 0.07  
Cadence (step/min) 92 114.16 6.66 75 115.81 8.37 EM > AF,EV
  1. p < 0.05: Linear mixed model and Bonferroni post-hoc test
  2. EM Early morning, MO Morning, AF Afternoon, EV Evening, NI Night