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Table 3 Description of PIM users assessed by the adaptive Beers criteria vs. adaptive Hong Kong-specific criteria

From: Comparison of adaptive versions of the Hong Kong-specific criteria and 2015 Beers criteria for assessing potentially inappropriate medication use in Hong Kong older patients

Variables Adaptive Beers criteria p value Adaptive Hong Kong-specific criteria p value
No. of PIM users 232,445 (47.5%)   241,982 (49.5%)  
No. of concurrent PIMs   < 0.001   < 0.001
 1 146,240 (62.9%)   141,969 (58.7%)  
 2 64,025 (27.5%)   68,145 (28.2%)  
 3 17,377 (7.5%)   22,818 (9.4%)  
  > 3 4804 (2.1%)   9050 (3.7%)  
Gender   < 0.001   < 0.001
 Male 101,764 (45.6%)   105,616 (47.3%)  
 Female 130,681 (49.1%)   136,366 (51.2%)  
Age   0.076   < 0.001
 65 ~ 69 76,252 (47.8%)   77,383 (48.5%)  
 70 ~ 74 46,552 (47.2%)   47,908 (48.6%)  
 75 ~ 79 44,862 (47.4%)   46,941 (49.6%)  
 80 ~ 84 35,652 (47.7%)   37,903 (50.7%)  
 85+ 29,127 (47.2%)   31,847 (51.6%)  
No. of drugs   < 0.001   < 0.001
 0 ~ 3 7423 (10.3%)   7588 (10.5%)  
 4 ~ 6 37,099 (31.4%)   37,845 (32.0%)  
 7 ~ 9 51,842 (48.6%)   53,324 (50.0%)  
 10 ~ 12 45,314 (62.7%)   46,787 (64.8%)  
  > 12 90,767 (75.8%)   96,438 (80.5%)  
No. of diagnoses   < 0.001   < 0.001
 1 3720 (47.7%)   3883 (49.8%)  
 2 32,890 (37.4%)   34,743 (39.5%)  
 3 41,064 (39.8%)   42,766 (41.5%)  
 4 ~ 6 109,321 (47.7%)   113,659 (49.6%)  
  > 6 45,450 (74.0%)   46,931 (76.4%)  
No. of GOPC visits within the year   < 0.001   < 0.001
 1 25,403 (37.6%)   27,561 (40.8%)  
 2 ~ 3 53,661 (41.8%)   56,273 (43.8%)  
 4 ~ 5 87,427 (44.5%)   90,731 (46.1%)  
 6+ 65,954 (68.3%)   67,417 (69.8%)  
No. of hospital admissions within the year   < 0.001   < 0.001
 0 159,721 (44.6%)   162,103 (45.2%)  
 1 35,718 (52.2%)   38,127 (55.7%)  
 2+ 37,006 (59.3%)   41,752 (66.9%)