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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the participants according to the combined health information (n = 1259)

From: Subjective and objective health predicting mortality and institutionalization: an 18-year population-based follow-up study among community-dwelling Finnish older adults

  Combined health information P value
Subjectively and objectively healthy
(SO) (n = 150)
Subjectively healthyb
(S) (n = 270)
Objectively healthyc
(O) (n = 160)
Unhealthyd
(UH) (n = 679)
Age, yearsa 70.5 (5.1) [64–85] 72.1 (5.8) [64–92] 71.5 (6.0) [64–94] 75.1 (7.3) [64–100] <.001*
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)  
Age, years      <.001*
 64–74 121 (81) 193 (71) 117 (73) 363 (53)  
 75–84 25 (17) 69 (26) 37 (23) 229 (34)  
  ≥ 85 4 (3) 8 (3) 6 (4) 87 (13)  
Gender      0.802
 Men 65 (43) 116 (43) 72 (45) 279 (41)  
 Women 85 (57) 154 (57) 88 (55) 400 (59)  
MMSEe      <.001*
  ≥ 26 133 (89) 217 (80) 122 (76) 431 (63)  
  < 26 17 (11) 53 (20) 38 (24) 248 (37)  
Body mass index (n = 1255)      <.001**
  < 20 2 (1) 7 (3) 4 (3) 61 (9)  
 20–24.9 42 (28) 68 (25) 45 (28) 189 (28)  
 25–29.9 83 (55) 136 (50) 65 (41) 259 (38)  
 30–34.9 15 (10) 49 (18) 35 (22) 130 (19)  
  ≥ 35 8 (5) 10 (4) 11 (7) 36 (5)  
Education      <.001***
 Basicf or less than basic 116 (77) 222 (82) 142 (89) 633 (93)  
 More than basic 34 (23) 48 (18) 18 (11) 46 (7)  
Living situation      0.259
 Alone 37 (25) 77 (29) 44 (28) 217 (32)  
 With someone 113 (75) 193 (71) 116 (73) 462 (68)  
  1. aValues are mean (standard deviation) [range]
  2. bSubjectively healthy and objectively unhealthy
  3. cSubjectively unhealthy and objectively healthy
  4. dSubjectively and objectively unhealthy
  5. eMini-Mental State Evaluation score
  6. fSix years of elementary school
  7. *SO vs UH, p < .001
  8. **SO vs O, p = 0.025; SO vs UH, p < .001
  9. ***SO vs O, p = 0.007; SO vs UH, p < .001