Skip to main content

Table 4 Risk of developing urinary tract infection according to different subgroups

From: Frailty increases the risk for developing urinary tract infection among 79,887 patients with diabetic mellitus and chronic kidney disease

Outcomes Age < 65 years
(n = 51,071)
Age ≥ 65 years
(n = 28,816)
HR 95 % CI HR 95 % CI
No FRAIL item 1 1
1 item 1.16 1.08–1.24a 1.17 1.06–1.28b
2 items 1.23 1.11–1.37b 1.22 1.10–1.36b
≥ 3 items 1.05 0.71–1.54 1.54 1.25–1.88a
Per 1 item increase 1.11 1.06–1.16a 1.10 1.05–1.15a
   Female
(n = 24,240)
Male
(n = 55,647)
HR 95 % CI HR 95 % CI
No FRAIL item 1 1
1 item 1.21 1.11–1.31a 1.17 1.09–1.26a
2 items 1.31 1.18–1.46a 1.19 1.08–1.31b
≥ 3 items 1.51 1.14–1.99b 1.32 1.06–1.65c
Per 1 item increase 1.14 1.08–1.20a 1.09 1.04–1.14b
  Earlier stage CKD
(n = 78,486)
Stage 5 CKD
(n = 1,401)
HR 95 % CI HR 95 % CI
No FRAIL item 1 1
1 item 1.19 1.13–1.26a 1.17 0.76–1.78
2 items 1.24 1.16–1.34a 1.28 0.73–2.25
≥ 3 items 1.42 1.19–1.69a 2.15 0.57–8.07
Per 1 item increase 1.11 1.07–1.15a 1.16 0.89–1.51
  1. a p < 0.001
  2. b p < 0.01
  3. c p < 0.05