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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of the study sample (n = 282)

From: Combining a variable‐centered and a person-centered analytical approach to caregiving burden – a holistic approach

  Frequency Percentage (%)
Gender
 Male 70 24.8
 Female 212 75.2
Ethnicity
 Chinese 234 83.0
 Malay 29 10.3
 Indian & others 19 6.7
Education level
 Secondary or below (include N/O level) 120 42.6
  A level, polytechnic and other diploma 73 25.9
 Degree or above 89 31.6
Marital status
 Single 79 28.0
 Married/divorced/widowed 203 72.0
Employment status
 Unemployed/retired/housewife 121 42.9
 Employed 161 57.1
Relationship to the PWD
 Spouse 43 15.3
 Son 48 17.0
 Daughter 156 55.3
 Others 35 12.4
Living arrangement
 With PWD 198 70.2
 Separated from PWD 84 29.8
Domestic helper
 Have 121 42.9
 Don’t have 161 57.1
Received formal support during past month
 Yes 112 39.7
 No 170 60.3
Self-rated health
 Fair or poor 113 40.1
 Good or excellent 169 59.9
  Mean SD
Age (years) 55.7 11.8
Weekly caregiving hours 55.0 53.0
Caregiving duration (months) 52.4 53.8
ADL 2.4 1.9
IADL 5.9 1.9
MBP 6.9 3.1