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Table 5 Sensibility analysis of final CARFS factors

From: Establishing content validity for a composite activities-specific risk of falls scale:linkage between fear of falling and physical activity

  FoF   PA   CARF  
Items Independent Modified Independent Dependent   Independent Modified Independent Dependent   Independent Modified Independent Dependent  
N = 13 N = 5 N = 12 P^ N = 13 N = 5 N = 12 P^ N = 13 N = 5 N = 12 P^
Sitting-to-standing 0.2±0.6 0.4±0.9 2.4±1.6 .000* 3.1±0.3 3.2±0.4 2.4±1.5 .187 1.5±1.6 1.8±2.4 6.4±3.5 .000*
Bending down-up 0.5±0.8 1.8±1.8 3.5±1.2 .000* 3.1±0.3 2.6±1.5 0.8±1.4 .000* 2.1±2.0 4.7±4.0 7.5±2.3 .000*
Standing activities 0.2±0.4 0.4±0.9 1.9±1.9 .005* 3.1±0.3 3.4±0.5 2.5±1.9 .324 1.3±1.0 1.8±2.4 4.5±4.1 .024*
Squatting activities 0.3±0.8 1.4±1.7 3.3±1.6 .000* 1.7±1.7 0.0±0.0 0.5±1.2 .030* 2.8±2.1 5.4±1.7 6.8±2.7 .001*
Transferring while sitting 0.2±0.6 1.2±1.8 1.8±2.0 .041* 2.2±1.5 2.4±2.2 2.1±1.9 .945 2.2±1.7 3.6±3.6 4.1±3.8 .309
Walking long distances 0.7±0.9 1.6±0.9 3.5±0.9 .000* 1.8±1.3 0.4±0.9 0.0±0.0 .000* 3.2±2.2 5.2±1.8 7.5±0.9 .000*
Walking short distances 0.0±0.0 0.4±0.9 2.8±1.7 .000* 3.0±0.0 3.0±0.0 1.0±1.5 .000* 1.0±0.0 2.0±2.2 6.2±3.2 .000*
Walking on wet ground 0.8±0.9 1.4±0.9 3.1±1.3 .000* 1.1±1.5 0.0±0.0 0.0±0.0 .024* 3.7±2.2 5.4±0.9 7.1±1.3 .000*
Walking on uneven ground 0.7±0.9 1.4±0.9 3.2±1.1 .000* 1.1±1.5 1.0±1.4 0.3±0.9 .248 3.7±2.0 4.6±2.2 7.0±1.4 .000*
Using transportation 0.3±0.8 1.2±1.8 1.5±1.9 .145 1.4±1.3 0.4±0.9 0.3±0.8 .039* 3.1±1.8 4.8±2.3 5.3±2.1 .026*
Washing oneself 0.3±0.6 1.6±2.2 1.2±1.3 .108 2.6±1.0 1.6±0.9 1.8±1.0 .074 2.2±1.7 4.8±3.9 4.1±2.8 .089
Toileting 0.0±0.0 0.4±0.9 1.5±1.3 .001* 3.2±0.4 3.2±0.4 1.8±1.9 .032* 0.8±0.4 1.8±2.4 4.3±3.5 .005*
Putting on-off trousers 0.0±0.0 0.0±0.0 0.7±1.4 .143 3.2±0.4 3.0±0.0 3.3±0.5 .474 0.8±0.4 1.0±0.0 2.4±3.6 .222
Putting on-off footwear 0.0±0.0 0.4±0.9 0.8±1.4 .174 3.2±0.4 3.2±0.4 3.4±0.5 .334 0.8±0.4 1.8±2.4 2.7±3.8 .236
Total score 4.2±4.9 13.6±11.6 31.2±13.9 .000* 33.5±4.9 27.4±5.9 20.2±8.7 .000* 29.3±11.0 48.7±23.5 76.0±24.8 .000*
  1. FoF fear of falling, PA physical activity, CARFS Composite Activities-specific Risk of Falls Scale
  2. All variables data were shown with mean ± standard deviation. ^all results were analyzed through ANOVA