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Table 3 Results of content validity evaluation of CARFS items

From: Establishing content validity for a composite activities-specific risk of falls scale:linkage between fear of falling and physical activity

  Content validity (0–4) If satisfied#
Experiences-based Responses-referred
D4 Mobility
 Sitting-to-standing 3.7 ± 0.5 3.8 ± 0.4 Y
 Lying-to-sitting 1.8 ± 1.4 3.2 ± 0.9  
 Bending down-up 2.3 ± 1.4 3.3 ± 0.6 Y
 Squatting down-up 2.8 ± 0.8 1.9 ± 0.9  
 Kneeling down-up 2.7 ± 1.0 1.8 ± 0.6  
 Sitting activities 2.0 ± 1.5 1.9 ± 1.0  
 Standing activities 2.8 ± 1.0 2.4 ± 1.1 Y
 Squatting activities 3.0 ± 1.0 2.8 ± 1.1 Y
 Transferring while sitting 3.2 ± 1.0 3.3 ± 1.0 Y
 Lifting and carrying objects 2.7 ± 1.1 2.0 ± 1.0  
 Walking long distances 3.3 ± 1.0 2.3 ± 1.4 Y
 Walking short distances 2.7 ± 1.2 2.4 ± 1.2 Y
 Walking on slope 2.8 ± 1.0 2.0 ± 1.0  
 Walking on wet ground 3.6 ± 1.0 2.1 ± 1.4 Y
 Walking on uneven ground 3.7 ± 0.5 2.2 ± 1.4 Y
 Walking on mobile ground 3.5 ± 0.7 2.0 ± 1.3  
 Walking around obstacles 3.3 ± 1.1 2.0 ± 1.5  
 Climbing 2.7 ± 1.5 1.8 ± 1.5  
 Running 3.2 ± 1.3 1.6 ± 1.4  
 Jumping 3.0 ± 1.3 1.7 ± 1.4  
 Sitting in a wheelchair 1.7 ± 1.4 2.3 ± 1.4  
 Using transportation 2.8 ± 1.7 2.7 ± 1.4 Y
 Riding bike 2.8 ± 1.1 1.7 ± 1.4  
 Driving motorized vehicles 0.8 ± 1.0 0.4 ± 0.5  
D5 Self-Care
 Washing oneself 2.8 ± 1.1 2.7 ± 1.2 Y
 Toileting 3.0 ± 1.2 3.5 ± 0.7 Y
 Putting on-off coats 1.4 ± 1.3 2.4 ± 1.1  
 Putting on-off trousers 2.4 ± 1.3 2.8 ± 1.1 Y
 Putting on-off footwear 2.7 ± 1.0 2.9 ± 0.9 Y
D6 Domestic life
 Preparing meals 1.9 ± 1.2 1.3 ± 0.8  
 Tidying up dishes 1.4 ± 1.3 1.4 ± 1.0  
 Cleaning cooking area 1.9 ± 1.2 1.2 ± 0.9  
 Washing clothes 1.7 ± 1.4 0.8 ± 0.8  
 Drying clothes 2.5 ± 1.2 1.0 ± 1.3  
 Cleaning living area 2.3 ± 1.1 1.4 ± 1.4  
 Taking care of animals 1.9 ± 1.2 0.8 ± 1.4  
 Assisting others’ self-care 2.2 ± 1.2 1.2 ± 1.1  
 Assisting others’ movement 2.4 ± 1.2 0.5 ± 1.0  
D9 Community, Social and Civic life
 Non-contact sports 2.6 ± 1.5 1.0 ± 1.3  
 Contact sports 3.2 ± 1.3 1.0 ± 1.5  
  1. CARFS Composite Activities-specific Risk of Falls Scale
  2. #: satisfied if the mean score of content validity was higher than 2 judged in both evaluations