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Table 5 Top 30 diseases studied in documents assigned with the descriptor “aged, 80 and over,” with differences according to sex

From: Thematic research clusters in very old populations (≥ 80 years): a bibliometric approach

MeSH descriptor N docs total N docs only female N docs only male % only female* % only male* Dif % female – male P value
Aortic Valve Stenosis 1134 260 191 22.9 16.8 6.1 < 0.001
Skin Neoplasms 951 396 499 41.6 52.5 −10.8 < 0.001
Dementia 697 91 48 13.1 6.9 6.2 < 0.001
Alzheimer Disease 575 103 65 17.9 11.3 6.6 0.001
Stroke 500 121 99 24.2 19.8 4.4 0.093
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell 435 196 189 45.1 43.4 1.6 0.63
Adenocarcinoma 417 165 214 39.6 51.3 −11.7 < 0.001
Accidental Falls 376 116 45 30.8 12 18.9 < 0.001
Cognition Disorders 365 35 35 9.6 9.6 0 1
Lung Neoplasms 365 117 171 32 46.8 −14.8 < 0.001
Heart Failure 352 89 89 25.3 25.3 0 1
Hypertension 325 85 60 26.1 18.5 7.7 0.018
Hip Fractures 323 63 17 19.5 5.3 14.2 < 0.001
Myocardial Infarction 295 80 78 27.1 26.4 0.7 0.86
Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal 270 37 178 13.7 65.9 −52.2 < 0.001
Prosthesis Failure 264 114 103 43.2 39 4.2 0.33
Melanoma 253 100 134 39.5 53 −13.4 0.003
Hemorrhage 221 81 70 36.6 31.7 4.9 0.27
Depression 218 28 16 12.8 7.3 5.5 0.056
Coronary Artery Disease 215 35 58 16.3 27 −10.7 0.007
Cardiovascular Diseases 199 17 9 8.5 4.5 4 0.11
Breast Neoplasms 198 192 2 97 1 96 < 0.001
Carcinoma. Basal Cell 197 80 99 40.6 50.2 −9.6 0.054
Stomach Neoplasms 195 69 82 35.4 42 −6. 0.18
Neoplasm Recurrence, Local 192 96 80 50 41.7 8.3 0.10
Prostatic Neoplasms 168 164 0 97.6 −97.6 < 0.001
Liver Neoplasms 167 65 92 38.9 55.1 −16.8 0.003
Calcinosis 163 78 49 47.8 30.1 17.7 0.001
Cognitive Dysfunction 163 12 6 7.4 3.7 3.7 0.14
Neoplasm Invasiveness 162 72 68 44.4 42 2.5 0.65
  1. * Percentage of male or female by MeSH descriptor, Percentage point differences between female and male, Statistically significant differences (p < 0.05)