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Table 2 The depression scores by participants reported the characteristic of housing environment

From: Association between housing environment and depressive symptoms among older people: a multidimensional assessment

Variable categories Depression score (points) P value P for trend
<  5 5–9 ≥ 10  
n % n % n %   
Exposure to housing environment
 Adequate sunshine
  Yes 677 (98.2) 180 (91.4) 46 (88.5) < 0.001 < 0.001
  No 12 (1.8) 17 (8.6) 6 (11.5)   
 Good ventilated
  Yes 679 (98.5) 186 (94.4) 46 (88.5) < 0.001 < 0.001
  No 10 (1.5) 11 (5.6) 6 (11.5)   
 Living areas (m2)
   ≤ 80 209 (30.3) 69 (35.0) 28 (53.9) 0.001 0.001
   > 80 480 (69.7) 128 (65.0) 24 (46.1)   
 Residence times (yr.)
   ≤ 30 320 (46.4) 65 (33.0) 19 (36.5) 0.002 0.002
   > 30 369 (53.6) 132 (67.0) 33 (63.5)   
 Working shower
  Yes 598 (86.8) 144 (73.1) 45 (86.5) < 0.001 0.004
  No 91 (13.2) 53 (26.9) 7 (13.5)   
 Living arrangement
  Living alone 546 (79.3) 75 (38.1) 13 (25.0) < 0.001 < 0.001
  Living with family or other 143 (20.7) 122 (61.9) 39 (75.0)   
 Neighborhood communication
  None 253 (36.7) 81 (41.1) 29 (55.8) 0.018 0.008
  At least once a week 436 (63.3) 116 (58.9) 23 (44.2)   
 Life satisfaction
  Yes 677 (98.3) 157 (79.7) 26 (50.0) < 0.001 < 0.001
  No 12 (1.7) 40 (20.3) 26 (50.0)   
 Cognitive and physical function (points)
   ≤ 30 567 (82.3) 83 (42.1) 16 (30.8) < 0.001 < 0.001
   > 30 122 (17.7) 114 (57.9) 36 (69.2)   
 Clean and comfortable
  Yes 685 (99.4) 184 (93.4) 38 (73.1) < 0.001 < 0.001
  No 4 (0.6) 13 (6.6) 14 (26.9)   
 Exposure to surrounding housing environment
 Air pollution or noise
  Yes 65 (9.4) 32 (16.2) 11 (21.2) 0.002 < 0.001
  No 624 (90.6) 165 (83.8) 41 (78.8)   
 Clean and comfortable
  Yes 647 (93.9) 164 (83.3) 43 (82.7) < 0.001 < 0.001
  No 42 (6.1) 33 (16.7) 9 (17.3)