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Table 1 Socio-demographic and health characteristics of adults by cognitive leisure activity index score

From: Cognitive leisure activity and all-cause mortality in older adults: a 4-year community-based cohort

Variable Total n Cognitive leisure activity index score n (Column percentage) P
0 1 2 3
Total 4003 2674 1070 245 14  
Sex       <0.001
 Male 1746 818 (30.6) 708 (66.2) 209 (85.3) 11 (78.6)  
 Female 2257 1856 (69.4) 362 (33.8) 36 (14.7) 3 (21.4)  
Age       <0.001
 60-70y 2498 1531 (57.3) 770 (72.0) 185 (75.5) 12 (85.7)  
 70–80 1150 846 (31.6) 250 (23.4) 53 (21.6) 1 (7.1)  
  ≥ 80 y 355 297 (11.1) 50 (4.7) 7 (2.9) 1 (7.1)  
BMI       <0.001
 Underweight 241 177 (6.6) 51 (4.8) 12 (4.9) 1 (7.1)  
 Normal 1482 1034 (38.7) 363 (33.9) 82 (33.5) 3 (21.4)  
 Overweight 2084 1329 (49.7) 606 (56.6) 140 (57.1) 9 (64.3)  
 Obesity 196 134 (5.0) 50 (4.7) 11 (4.5) 1 (7.1)  
Marital status       <0.001
 Married 3193 2030 (75.9) 925 (86.5) 225 (91.8) 13 (92.9)  
 Single/ divorced/ separated/ widowed/ spinsterhood 810 644 (24.1) 145 (13.6) 20 (8.2) 1 (7.1)  
Educational attainment       <0.001
 Illiteracy 2260 1851 (69.2) 384 (35.9) 24 (9.8) 1 (7.1)  
 Primary school 1181 673 (25.2) 412 (38.5) 94 (38.4) 2 (14.3)  
  ≥ junior school 562 150 (5.6) 274 (25.6) 127 (51.8) 11 (78.6)  
Work status       <0.001
 Retired 2009 1262 (47.2) 588 (55.0) 148 (60.4) 11 (78.6)  
 Still working 627 408 (15.3) 167 (15.6) 50 (20.4) 2 (14.3)  
 No work 1367 1004 (37.5) 315 (29.4) 47 (19.2) 1 (7.1)  
Physical activity       <0.001
 Inactive 885 617 (23.1) 221 (20.7) 44 (18.0) 3 (21.4)  
 Several times a month 117 67 (2.5) 41 (3.8) 8 (3.3) 1 (7.1)  
 3-4x/week 807 574 (21.5) 188 (17.6) 43 (17.6) 2 (14.3)  
 Almost every day 2194 1416 (53.0) 620 (57.9) 150 (61.2) 8 (57.1)  
Smoking       <0.001
 Former 491 237 (8.9) 195 (18.2) 57 (23.3) 2 (14.3)  
 Current 843 344 (12.9) 369 (34.5) 122 (49.8) 8 (57.1)  
 Never 2669 2093 (78.3) 506 (47.3) 66 (27.0) 4 (28.6)  
Alcohol use       <0.001
 Drinker 751 312 (11.7) 328 (30.7) 103 (42.0) 8 (57.1)  
 Never 3252 2362 (88.3) 742 (69.3) 142 (58.0) 6 (42.9)  
Cardiovascular or metabolic disease      0.047
 Physician-diagnosed in past 2064 1345 (50.3) 590 (55.1) 123 (50.2) 6 (42.9)  
 Undiagnosed in past 1939 1329 (49.7) 480 (44.9) 122 (49.8) 8 (57.1)  
Cancer       0.860
 Physician-diagnosed in past 87 58 (2.2) 26 (2.4) 3 (1.2) 0 (0)  
 Undiagnosed in past 3916 2616 (97.8) 1044 (97.6) 242 (98.8) 14 (100)  
Cognitive status       < 0.001
 Impairment 250 214 (8.0) 35 (3.3) 1 (0.4) 0 (0)  
 Normal 3753 2460 (92.0) 1035 (96.7) 244 (99.6) 14 (100)