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Table 6 Multivariate adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for obese in relation to quartiles of health-related physical fitness measurements after adjustment for potential confounders

From: Poor health-related physical fitness performance increases the overweight and obesity risk in older adults from Taiwan

Variables Model 1 (unadjusted) Model 2 (adjusteda)
OR 95% CI p OR 95% CI p
Men
 2-min step test (step)
   < 73 1.02 0.84–1.25 0.814 0.69 0.48–1.00 0.051
  73–89 1.16 0.95–1.41 0.146 0.92 0.65–1.31 0.651
  90–103 1.05 0.86–1.27 0.649 0.91 0.66–1.27 0.578
   > 103 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend 0.705 0.096
 30-s arm curl test (rep)
   < 14 0.62 0.51–0.77 <  0.001* 0.65 0.45–0.93 0.020*
  14–17 0.74 0.61–0.91 0.004* 0.64 0.44–0.92 0.015*
  18–22 0.90 0.75–1.09 0.287 0.87 0.62–1.22 0.423
   > 22 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend <  0.001* 0.007*
 30-s chair stand test (rep)
   < 12 1.07 0.86–1.33 0.535 0.94 0.64–1.39 0.765
  12–14 1.16 0.94–1.42 0.170 1.46 1.01–2.11 0.045*
  15–18 1.08 0.89–1.30 0.454 1.20 0.86–1.67 0.297
   > 18 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend 0.648 0.833
 Back scratch test (cm)
   < −21 5.24 4.24–6.49 <  0.001* 3.49 2.40–5.09 <  0.001*
  -21 – −11 3.22 2.62–3.96 <  0.001* 2.21 1.54–3.16 <  0.001*
  -10–0 2.22 1.81–2.72 <  0.001* 1.80 1.27–2.54 0.001*
   > 0 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend <  0.001* <  0.001*
 Chair sit-and-reach test (cm)
   < −2 0.87 0.72–1.04 0.130 0.34 0.24–0.49 <  0.001*
  -2–0 0.90 0.74–1.11 0.316 0.49 0.34–0.71 <  0.001*
   1–8 0.90 0.74–1.11 0.250 0.65 0.47–0.91 0.012*
   > 8 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend 0.195 <  0.001*
 8-ft up-and-go test (s)
   < 5.8 0.81 0.67–0.98 0.028 1.07 0.75–1.53 0.701
  5.8–6.8 1.03 0.84–1.25 0.788 1.01 0.70–1.46 0.967
  6.9–8.3 1.10 0.92–1.33 0.290 1.07 0.77–1.50 0.686
   > 8.3 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend 0.002* 0.838
 One-leg stance with eye open test (s)
   < 5.0 0.86 0.57–1.31 0.491 0.32 0.15–0.69 0.003*
  5.0–12.7 0.88 0.58–1.33 0.543 0.42 0.20–0.89 0.023*
  12.8–30.0 0.66 0.44–0.99 0.047* 0.34 0.16–0.70 0.004*
   > 30.0 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend 0.033* 0.197
Women
 2-min step test (step)
   < 69 1.08 0.94–1.24 0.273 0.93 0.75–1.16 0.517
  69–87 1.01 0.89–1.16 0.837 0.87 0.70–1.07 0.188
  88–101 0.87 0.76–1.00 0.043* 0.87 0.71–1.07 0.198
   > 101 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend 0.131 0.575
 30-s arm curl test (rep)
   < 14 0.64 0.55–0.73 <  0.001* 0.79 0.63–0.98 0.030*
  14–16 0.67 0.58–0.78 <  0.001* 0.88 0.69–1.11 0.276
  17–21 0.81 0.94–1.24 0.001* 0.87 0.71–1.06 0.161
   > 21 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend <  0.001* 0.022*
 30-s chair stand test (rep)
   < 11 1.16 0.98–1.38 0.091 0.72 0.55–0.94 0.017*
  11–13 1.27 1.08–1.48 0.003* 0.91 0.71–1.16 0.425
  14–18 1.22 1.06–1.40 0.005* 0.92 0.75–1.14 0.466
   > 18 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend 0.395 0.009*
 Back scratch test (cm)
   < −12 5.32 4.55–6.21 <  0.001* 3.10 2.43–3.94 <  0.001*
  -12 – −2 4.13 3.56–4.80 <  0.001* 3.47 2.75–4.38 <  0.001*
  -1–3 1.84 1.59–2.14 <  0.001* 1.64 1.31–2.07 <  0.001*
   > 3 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend <  0.001* <  0.001*
 Chair sit-and-reach test (cm)
   <  0 0.83 0.72–0.96 0.013* 0.64 0.51–0.80 <  0.001*
  0–3 0.95 0.83–1.08 0.428 0.81 0.66–1.00 0.049*
  4–11 0.96 0.84–1.10 0.543 0.94 0.76–1.16 0.556
   > 11 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend 0.017* <  0.001*
 8-ft up-and-go test (s)
   < 6.0 0.60 0.53–0.69 <  0.001* 0.66 0.53–0.82 <  0.001*
  6.0–7.0 0.82 0.72–0.94 0.006* 0.86 0.69–1.08 0.193
  7.1–8.6 0.94 0.82–1.07 0.352 0.91 0.74–1.12 0.374
   > 8.6 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend <  0.001* <  0.001*
 One-leg stance with eye open test (s)
   < 4.4 1.78 1.54–2.05 <  0.001* 1.17 0.93–1.48 0.180
  4.4–10.7 1.56 1.36–1.79 <  0.001* 1.26 1.01–1.56 0.038*
  10.8–27.0 1.39 1.22–1.59 <  0.001* 1.17 0.95–1.44 0.153
   > 27.0 1.00 1.00
  Test for trend <  0.001* 0.206
  1. aAdjusted for age, waist circumference, education, monthly income, marital status, self-reported health status, smoking status, and chewing betel nuts
  2. *p < 0.05