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Table 2 Prevalence of lifetime violence victimization (women n = 270, men n = 337)

From: Lifetime prevalence of polyvictimization among older adults in Sweden, associations with ill-heath, and the mediating effect of sense of coherence

  Women Men p-value
N % N %  
Any violence 67 24.8 93 27.6 0.44
One form of victimization 12 4.4 35 10.4 0.01
Polyvictimization 55 20.4 58 17.2 0.31
Emotional violence
 Systematically repressed, degraded, humiliated 28 10.4 32 9.5 0.71
 Limited contact with others, controlled 17 6.3 19 5.6 0.72
 Living in fear because of threats 19 7.0 15 4.5 0.18
 Any emotional violence 35 13.1 41 12.4 0.80
Physical violence
 Hit with fist, hard object, kicked, pushed violently, beaten, thrashed, or similar 43 15.9 60 17.8 0.54
 Life-threatened, by e.g., trying to strangle you, showing a weapon/knife, or similar 12 4.4 27 8.0 0.07
 Any Physical violence 47 17.7 72 22.2 0.17
Sexual violence
 Sexual humiliation 7 2.6 2 0.6 0.04
 Touched body parts other than genitals 25 9.3 5 1.5 < 0.01
 Touched or forced to touch genitals, used your body to satisfy him/herself sexually 26 9.6 6 1.8 < 0.01
 Put or tried to put penis or object in vagina, mouth, or rectum 16 5.9 0 0 < 0.01
 Any sexual violence 40 15.1 7 2.2 < 0.01
Kind of perpetrator
 Family 24 8.9 22 6.5 0.27
 Partner 33 12.2 14 4.2 < 0.01
 Other 43 15.9 78 23.1 0.03
Characteristics of victimization (only victims)
 One form of victimization 12 17.9 35 37.6 0.01
 Low polyvictimization 38 56.7 37 39.8 0.04
 High polyvictimization 17 25.4 21 22.6 0.68
 Two or more forms of violence 42 62.7 24 25.8 < 0.01
 Two or more perpetrators 27 40.9 21 23.6 0.02