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Table 5 Results of analysis on interaction between country and living situation for emotional loneliness among 2251 participants of the UHCE study

From: Socio-demographic characteristics associated with emotional and social loneliness among older adults

Emotional loneliness
  Living with partner Living without partner OR (95% CI) for living without partner vs living with partner within strata of country
N lonely/not lonely OR (95% CI) N lonely/not lonely OR (95% CI)
The UK 19/210 ref. 82/237 3.19 (1.85–5.47) 3.19 (1.85–5.47)
Greece 81/157 5.53 (3.10–9.84) 65/42 13.56 (7.11–25.87) 2.45 (1.51–3.98)
Croatia 75/130 6.31 (3.63–10.95) 127/163 6.93 (4.05–11.85) 1.10 (0.75–1.61)
The Netherlands 19/171 1.11 (0.56–2.17) 76/103 5.87 (3.31–10.41) 5.31 (3.00–9.40)
Spain 44/229 1.78 (0.97–3.28) 69/152 3.46 (1.91–6.28) 1.95 (1.25–3.02)
  1. Interaction between country and living situation on the multiplicative scale P < .001
  2. ORs are adjusted for age, sex, educational level and migration background. P-values <.05 in bold. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, ref. reference group