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Table 3 Factors associated with frailty from the mixed-effects Poisson regression model

From: Prevalence and associated factors for frailty among elder patients in China: a multicentre cross-sectional study

 OR95% CI
Intercept0.298(0.223, 0.398)
Age1.016(1.012, 1.020)
BMI
  > =280.897(0.856, 0.940)
 24–27.90.931(0.874, 0.991)
  < 18.51.248(1.171, 1.330)
 18.5–23.91.0 (Ref.) 
Gender
 Female1.058(1.004, 1.115)
 Male1.0 (Ref.) 
Ethnicity
 Other1.152(1.073, 1.236)
 Han1.0 (Ref.) 
Education
 Diploma and above0.891(0.821, 0.966)
 Middle school0.915(0.857, 0.977)
 Primary school0.946(0.893, 1.002)
 Illiteracy1.0 (Ref.) 
Marital status
 Divorced or widowed0.988(0.933, 1.046)
 Married1.0 (Ref.) 
Admission to hospital
 Emergency department1.104(1.030, 1.184)
 Transit from other hospital1.159(1.049, 1.279)
 Other1.118(0.843, 1.483)
 Outpatient department1.0 (Ref.) 
Living conditions
 Bungalow1.055(0.995, 1.119)
 Building without elevators0.965(0.923, 1.010)
 Building with elevators1.0 (Ref.) 
Smoking
 Current smoker0.989(0.923, 1.059)
 Former smoker1.016(0.961, 1.074)
 Non-smoker1.0 (Ref.) 
Drinking history
 Current drinker0.869(0.815, 0.927)
 Former drinker1.094(1.022, 1.171)
 Non-drinker1.0 (Ref.) 
Fall history in last 12 months
 Yes1.257(1.194, 1.323)
 No1.0 (Ref.) 
Vision
 Dysfunction1.144(1.080, 1.211)
 Normal1.0 (Ref.) 
Hearing
 Dysfunction1.047(0.991, 1.106)
 Normal1.0 (Ref.) 
Cognition impairment
 Yes1.182(1.130, 1.237)
 No1.0 (Ref.) 
Sleeping
 Dysfunction1.266(1.215, 1.318)
 Normal1.0 (Ref.) 
Urinary function
 Dysfunction1.175(1.104, 1.251)
 Normal1.0 (Ref.) 
Defecation function
 Dysfunction1.286(1.217, 1.358)
 Normal1.0 (Ref.) 
  1. OR odds ratio; CI confidence interval
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