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Table 4 Subgroup analysis of home care clients with and without Parkinsonism in HNHB health region, Jan 1-Mar 31, 2018

From: Associations with rates of falls among home care clients in Ontario, Canada: a population-based, cross-sectional study

  Has Parkinsonism (n = 456) Does Not Have Parkinsonism (n = 10,103)
IRR 95% CI P Value IRR 95% CI P Value
Demographic Characteristics
 Male 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Female 0.69 0.53, 0.91 0.001 0.84 0.78, 0.89 <  0.001
Age
  < 60 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 60–69 1.67 0.58, 4.73 0.282 0.87 0.76, 0.99 0.034
 70–79 1.13 0.39, 3.19 0.801 0.72 0.63, 0.82 <  0.001
 80–89 1.25 0.44, 3.50 0.637 0.69 0.61, 0.79 <  0.001
 90–99 0.87 0.29, 2.60 0.794 0.70 0.60, 0.80 <  0.001
  ≥ 100 0 0 0 0.57 0.37, 0.88 0.011
Marital Status
 Never Married 1.05 0.62, 1.81 0.868 0.94 0.83, 1.07 0.340
 Married 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Widowed 1.00 0.72, 1.38 0.979 0.98 0.90, 1.05 0.535
 Separated 1.11 0.39, 3.44 0.832 1.25 1.05, 1.50 0.012
 Divorced 0.86 0.51, 1.45 0.570 1.08 0.96, 1.21 0.203
 Other 1.18 0.35, 4.66 0.768 1.23 0.98, 1.54 0.075
Functional Characteristics
 Cognitive Skills for Daily Decision-Making
  Independent 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Modified Independence 1.09 0.75, 1.58 0.626 1.14 1.05, 1.50 0.001
  Minimally Impaired 1.45 0.97, 2.16 0.053 1.28 1.17, 1.40 <  0.001
  Moderately Impaired 1.27 0.78, 2.07 0.315 1.39 1.24, 1.55 <  0.001
  Severely Impaired 0.96 0.54, 1.71 0.893 1.20 1.04, 1.39 0.012
Activities of Daily Living Decline 1.20 0.88, 1.63 0.236 1.61 1.51, 1.72 <  0.001
 Primary Modes of Locomotion (Indoors)
  No Assistive Device 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Cane 2.29 1.37, 3.86 0.001 1.39 1.24, 1.56 <  0.001
  Walker/Crutch 1.90 1.28, 2.83 0.001 1.47 1.35, 1.61 <  0.001
  Scooter 0.88 0.16, 5.25 0.880 2.43 1.49, 4.07 <  0.001
  Wheelchair 1.60 0.98, 2.60 0.055 1.34 1.20, 1.50 <  0.001
  Activity Did Not Occur 0.14 0.00, 0.88 0.077 1.09 0.84, 1.41 0.500
 Stair Climbing
  Up and Down Stairs No Help 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Up and Down Stairs with Help 1.31 0.81, 2.11 0.250 1.21 1.09, 1.34 <  0.001
  Not Go Up and Down Stairs 1.16 0.73, 1.82 0.521 1.23 1.12, 1.34 <  0.001
Polypharmacy and Health Conditions
 Drugs
  0–2 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  3–4 3.53 1.34, 9.56 0.010 1.15 0.98, 1.36 0.093
  5–7 2.37 0.94, 6.05 0.067 1.09 0.94, 1.26 0.253
   ≥ 8 2.77 1.13, 6.96 0.027 1.18 1.03, 1.36 0.021
Stroke (CVA) 0.58 0.40, 0.85 0.005 0.92 0.85, 1.00 0.045
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) 0.85 0.52, 1.63 0.487 0.86 0.79, 0.95 0.001
Hypertension (HTN) 0.91 0.70, 1.18 0.462 1.00 0.94, 1.07 0.950
Irregular Pulse 1.11 0.78, 1.60 0.561 0.99 0.91, 1.07 0.739
Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) 0.92 0.53, 1.63 0.762 0.97 0.87, 1.07 0.535
Chest Pain/Pressure at Rest or on Exertion 0.75 0.34, 1.74 0.489 1.13 0.98, 1.30 0.094
Dizziness or Lightheadedness 1.09 0.84, 1.42 0.518 1.45 1.35, 1.55 <  0.001
Edema 0.73 0.56, 1.63 0.025 1.02 0.96 0.542
Shortness of Breath 0.99 0.74, 1.33 0.947 0.91 0.85, 0.98 0.011
Alzheimer’s 0.81 0.44, 1.52 0.487 0.81 0.70, 0.93 0.002
Dementia 0.97 0.70, 1.34 0.843 1.03 0.94, 1.12 0.569
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) 2.27 0.59, 9.92 0.186 1.10 0.86, 1.39 0.452
Arthritis 0.93 0.72, 1.21 0.593 1.05 0.98, 1.12 0.143
Hip Fracture 0.77 0.40, 1.51 0.419 1.15 1.00, 1.32 0.057
  1. IRR Incident Rate Ratios, 95% CI 95% Confidence Interval