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Table 2 Proportion of subjects in population segments based on different population segmentation schemes

From: Do healthcare needs-based population segments predict outcomes among the elderly? Findings from a prospective cohort study in an urbanized low-income community

Segmentation SchemeSegmentCategoryMean age (years)Percentage male (%)EQ-5D IndexCount (% of total)Perceived difficulty in meeting expenses (count, % of population segment)
Singapore1Healthy. Low RA71.366.71.003 (0.3%)0 (0.0%)
2Healthy. Moderate RA69.573.00.945137 (14.8%)35 (25.5%)
3Healthy. High RA69.366.70.9323 (0.3%)2 (66.7%)
4Asymptomatic Chronic Condition. Low RA71.454.50.939187 (20.2%)42 (22.5%)
5Asymptomatic Chronic Condition. Moderate RA71.262.60.878230 (24.8%)72 (31.3%)
6Asymptomatic Chronic Condition. High RA72.853.30.88015 (1.6%)5 (33.3%)
7Symptomatic Chronic Condition. Low RA69.863.60.82033 (3.6%)18 (54.5%)
8Symptomatic Chronic Condition. Moderate RA72.452.00.63498 (10.6%)48 (49.0%)
9Symptomatic Chronic Condition. High RA78.151.70.44329 (3.1%)11 (37.9%)
10Long Course of Decline. Low RA70.051.40.87435 (3.8%)13 (37.1%)
11Long Course of Decline. Moderate RA71.260.20.748123 (13.3%)48 (39.0%)
12Long Course of Decline. High RA76.230.00.24920 (2.2%)10 (50.0%)
13Limited Reserve with Serious Exacerbations. Moderate RA69.687.50.5508 (0.9%)5 (62.5%)
14Limited Reserve with Serious Exacerbations. High RA74.342.90.6147 (0.8%)2 (28.6%)
Delaware1Adult & no chronic conditions66.673.60.970106 (11.4%)28 (26.4%)
2Adult & 1 chronic condition66.963.50.91885 (9.2%)25 (29.4%)
3Adult & 2+ chronic condition67.562.10.884269 (29.0%)93 (34.6%)
4Adult & have mild mental health conditions (includes those with chronic illness)66.755.90.697143 (15.4%)75 (52.4%)
5Adult & have severe mental health conditions (includes those with chronic illness)67.156.30.69048 (5.2%)24 (50.0%)
6Elderly & no chronic conditions81.762.10.90829 (3.1%)8 (27.6%)
7Elderly & 1 chronic condition82.663.40.85841 (4.4%)9 (22.0%)
8Elderly & 2+ chronic condition81.749.60.855125 (13.5%)24 (19.2%)
9Elderly & have mild mental health conditions (includes those with chronic illness)80.851.60.58264 (6.9%)20 (31.3%)
10Elderly & have severe mental health conditions (includes those with chronic illness)80.644.40.57318 (1.9%)5 (27.8%)
Lombardy1Healthy people70.869.60.932171 (18.4%)43 (25.1%)
2People suffering from an acute event:79.5100.00.8392 (0.2%)1 (50.0%)
3People possibly affected by chronic disease or at early stage:71.882.40.89717 (1.8%)8 (47.1%)
4People affected by only 1 chronic disease: consumed healthcare for chronic disease, continuous use of drugs,66.460.90.890110 (11.9%)38 (34.5%)
5People affected by more than 1 chronic disease70.457.70.794562 (60.6%)211 (37.5%)
6Elderly: 85 years or more89.340.90.72366 (7.1%)10 (15.2%)
Northwest London1Mostly healthy adults < 75:66.172.00.967100 (10.8%)25 (25.0%)
2Mostly health adults > 74:80.269.70.93933 (3.6%)11 (33.3%)
4Adults < 75 with 1 or more LTCs:66.761.60.858430 (46.3%)159 (37.0%)
5Elderly > 74 with 1 or more LTCs: same as group below but for those above the age of 7580.454.50.835213 (23.0%)53 (24.9%)
6Adults and elderly people with SEMI: people aged above 16 who have a mental health problems67.551.30.58339 (4.2%)23 (59.0%)
7Adults and elderly people with cancer: People aged above 16 who have any form and stage of cancer71.445.50.80144 (4.7%)19 (43.2%)
8Adults and elderly people with severe physical disabilities78.453.60.36069 (7.4%)21 (30.4%)
  1. Evaluated population segmentation schemes were sourced from Singapore, Lombardy, Delaware and North-West London respectively. Total subject sample size: 928
  2. LTC Long Term Conditions, SEMI Severe and Enduring Mental Illness