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Table 4 Knowledge regarding possible causes of elder abuse

From: Knowledge and attitudes regarding elder abuse in the community, Eastern Province Saudi Arabia

 ageGendereducationlivingcaregiverdisabilityTotal
< 30 yrs30+ yrsmaleFemaleaveragehigherlarge familynuclear familyyesnoNo disabilitydisability  
v23 older women are exposed to abuse and neglect moreAgree77.671.774.073.573.473.971.475.571.074.578.667.731773.7
Disagree9.58.88.89.37.99.910.87.810.88.67.112.3399.1
neutral12.919.417.217.218.616.217.816.718.316.914.320.07417.2
v24 older people who have mental disability are exposed to abuse and neglect more oftenAgree83.784.886.582.380.887.081.186.979.685.885.776.936384.4
Disagree5.43.94.74.26.23.26.52.97.53.63.69.2194.4
neutral10.911.38.813.513.09.912.410.212.910.710.713.84811.2
v25 older people who have physical disability, have had a stroke, or are handicapped or bedridden are exposed to abuse and neglectAgree80.382.084.278.679.782.678.483.776.382.885.772.335081.4
Disagree8.86.06.57.47.36.78.16.110.85.93.613.8307.0
neutral10.912.09.314.013.010.713.510.212.911.310.713.85011.6
v26 older people who live in a large family are exposed to abuse and neglect more oftenAgree9.515.510.216.7b15.312.313.513.511.813.910.712.35813.5
Disagree72.169.673.567.466.773.169.771.073.169.775.072.330370.5
neutral18.414.816.315.818.114.616.815.515.116.314.315.46916.0
v27 elder abuse and neglect is seen more often in families whose socioeconomic and cultural status is lowAgree54.451.948.457.255.950.650.354.750.553.435.756.922752.8
Disagree25.229.731.624.729.427.331.425.732.327.046.426.212128.1
neutral20.418.420.018.114.722.118.419.617.219.617.916.98219.1
v28 Individuals who have negative feelings toward, thoughts about and bad experiences with the older people are more likely to neglect and abuse themAgree81.082.379.184.782.581.481.182.483.981.382.184.635281.9
Disagree8.88.811.26.510.77.59.78.27.59.210.76.2388.8
neutral10.28.89.88.86.811.19.29.48.69.57.19.2409.3
v29 İndividuals who think looking after the older people as a burden are more likely to neglect and abuse themAgree75.579.976.380.578.578.376.879.678.578.378.678.533778.4
Disagree13.610.213.09.813.010.312.410.611.811.314.310.84911.4
neutral10.99.910.79.88.511.510.89.89.710.47.110.84410.2
KnowledgeMin-max0–10014.29–1000–1000–1000–10014.29–1000–1000–10014.29–85.710–10028.57–85.7114.29–85.710–100
Mean65.6967.1466.4566.8466.167.0265.0267.8765.7566.8965.3165.9366.64
Median71.4371.4371.4371.4371.4371.4371.4371.4371.4371.4371.4371.43 
SD22.620.1621.8520.1821.3620.7922.7819.5320.9721.0417.5722.421.01
  1. a and b are significantly different at p < .05 in the two-sided test of equality for column means. Otherwise no significant difference is present Tests are adjusted for all pairwise comparisons within a row using the Bonferroni correction
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