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Table 3 Summary of the studies included in the review

From: The adaptation of older adults’ transition to residential care facilities and cultural factors: a meta-synthesis

Authors Country Sampling Research Purpose Method Collection analysis Classification of the Findings
Tracy [17] USA No.28,
Gender:9 M/19F
Age:68–93,
To explore feelings about their transitional experience and recall situations in their adjustment process Hermeneutic
phenomenology
Group interview Van Manen’s method 1Self-motivated move versus familial encouragement;
2Ties to the past versus starting a new;
Independence versus dependence;
3Affection versus disdain;
4Adjustment versus maladjustment;
Wilson [7] USA No.15,
Gender:4 M/11F
Age:76–97
To identify variance in the initial responses of older adults whose move to a nursing home is either planned or unplanned Grounded theory In-depth
semi-structure
Interviews,
observation
Constant comparative method 1Overwhelmed phase
2Adjustment
3 Initial accept phase
Heliker [18] USA No.10
Gender:Not describe
Age: Not describe
To describe the phenomenon of being admitted and living in a nursing home;to explicating their experience of transition Hermeneutic
phenomenology
Interviews
observation
Heideggerian 1Becoming homeless;
2Getting settled and learning the ropes;
3Creating a place;
Koppitz [19] Switzerland No.31
Gender:8 M/23F
Age:83.1 ±6.2
To examine the process of an uplanned admission into a nursing home and its impact on the individuals’ adaptation Descriptive phenomenology semi-structure
Interviews
Mayring’s approach of content analysis 1Being cared for;
2Moving on;
3Being cut off;
4Being restricted;
Lee [10] Hongkong China No.18
Gender:9 M/9F
Age:70–96
To describe the process through which residents in Hongkong adjust nursing home placement Grounded theory In-depth
Interviews
Constant comparative method 1Orienting
2Normalizing
3Rationalizing
4Stabilizing
Guevara [20] Philippines No.20
Gender:7 M/13F
Age:69–84
To examine the process of acclimatization of Filipino elderly in a nursing care facility Grounded theory In-depth
unstructured
Interviews
Constant comparative method 1Reminiscing phase
2Recommencing phase
3Reinforcing phase
4Recapturing phase
5 Renewing
6Rekindling Phase
Iwasiw [9] Canada No.12
Gender:2 M/10F
Age:67–96
To investigate the experience of this early phase of relocation Not describe interviews Constant comparative method 1Emotional reactions
2Transition activities
3Reflecting on their situation
4Connecting with a personal philosophy
Lee [21] UK No.8
Gender:Not describe
Age:65–97
To explore old pepole’s experience of transition into residential care Exploratory design interviews Narrative 1Reflecting key plots of ‘control’, ‘power’, ‘identity’ and ‘uncertainty’ interwoven throughout their narratives;
2Experiencing some difficulties in incorporating this transition into their life stories.;
3Not feeling confident in their decision to move;
4Living in constant fear of losing their memory;
5Limited expectations for their future
Kahn [22] USA No.21
Gender:2 M/19F
Age:66–93
To describe the process successfully used to adapt to nursing home environment Ethographic study interviews
observations
Narrative 1Recognizing the ambivalence
2Downplaying the negative
3No other Options
4An act of will
Križaj [23] Republic of Slovenia No.6
Gender:3 M/3F
Age:74–92
To explore Slovenian older people’s experiences of transition into a care home Phenomenological approach Semi-structured, in-depth interviews Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis 1This is who I am,
2Adjusting my daily occupations,
3The value of health