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Table 2 Percentage of general practitioners (GPs) deprescribing in case vignettes, sorted by GPs’ decisions to deprescribe at least one, two or three medications in the respective case vignette, patients’ level of dependency in activities of daily living, and patients’ history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) (N = 1,706)

From: General practitioners’ deprescribing decisions in older adults with polypharmacy: a case vignette study in 31 countries

Case vignette Patients’ dependency level Deprescribing decision Without history of CVD (95% CI) With history of CVD (95% CI) Difference
(95% CI)a
1 low
  (living in own house, no help needed for activities of daily living) min. 1 medication 95.1% (94.0 to 96.1) 81.6% (79.6 to 83.5) 13.5% (11.3 to 15.7)
  min. 2 medications 88.2% (86.6 to 89.8) 60.1% (57.7 to 62.5) 28.1% (25.2 to 31.0)
  min. 3 medications 69.2% (66.9 to 71.5) 26.5% (24.3 to 28.7) 42.7% (39.6 to 45.9)
2 medium
  (living in own house, some help needed for activities of daily living) min. 1 medication 94.3% (93.1 to 95.5) 87.4% (85.7 to 89.1) 6.8% (4.8 to 8.9)
  min. 2 medications 85.8% (84.0 to 87.5) 68.5% (66.1 to 70.9) 17.3% (14.3 to 20.3)
  min. 3 medications 67.6% (65.3 to 70.0) 36.6% (34.1 to 39.1) 31.0% (27.6 to 34.5)
3 high
  (living in nursing home, help needed for nearly all activities of daily living) min. 1 medication 94.1% (92.8 to 95.3) 90.4% (88.8 to 91.9) 3.7% (1.7 to 5.7)
  min. 2 medications 88.5% (86.8 to 90.1) 79.2% (77.1 to 81.3) 9.3% (6.6 to 12.0)
  min. 3 medications 78.4% (76.2 to 80.5) 58.6% (56.0 to 61.1) 19.8% (16.5 to 23.1)
  1. aTwo-sample test of proportions