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Table 2 Hierarchical linear regression analysis of GOHAI scores associated with physical function, dental status, oral hygiene and oral function

From: Dysphagia and masticatory performance as a mediator of the xerostomia to quality of life relation in the older population

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
β (95 % CI) β (95 % CI) β (95 % CI) β (95 % CI)
Frailty
 Pre-frailty vs. robust -2.23 (-3.27, -1.19) -2.13 (-3.16, -1.10) -2.08 (-3.18, -0.98) -1.38 (-2.46, -0.29)
 Frailty vs. robust -2.90 (-6.47, 0.67) -2.84 (-6.38, 0.70) -3.17 (-6.89, 0.55) -2.83 (-6.44, 0.79)
Sarcopenia -3.88 (-5.92, -1.84) -3.82 (-5.84, -1.79) -3.42 (-5.66, -1.17) -2.59 (-4.78, -0.40)
Removable denture (yes) - 0.29 (-0.85, 1.43) 0.25 (-0.90, 1.40) 0.52 (-0.68, 1.72)
Functional teeth
(<20 teeth)
  -2.21 (-3.40, -1.03) -2.39 (-3.65, -1.14) -1.87 (-3.26, -0.49)
PI    0.20 (-0.65, 1.05) 0.18 (-0.65, 1.02)
Tongue coating    0.06 (-0.07, 0.20) 0.04 (-0.10, 0.17)
Xerostomia     -3.93 (-5.36, -2.50)
Dysphagia     -2.78 (-4.08, -1.48)
Occlusal condition
 B vs. A     -0.74 (-1.83, 0.34)
 C vs. A     0.92 (-1.32, 3.16)
Masticatory
 Moderate vs. good     -0.70 (-1.64, 0.25)
 Poor vs. good     -1.06 (-2.42, 0.03)
  1. PI Plaque index
  2. Model 1: This model included demographic factors, frailty and sarcopenia.
  3. Model 2: This model included demographic factors, frailty, sarcopenia, removable denture and functional teeth.
  4. Model 3: This model included demographic factors, frailty, sarcopenia, removable denture, functional teeth, plaque index and tongue coating.
  5. Model 4: This model included demographic factors, frailty, sarcopenia, removable denture, functional teeth, plaque index, tongue coating, xerostomia, dysphagia, occlusal condition and masticatory performance.