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Table 3 Incremental effect of healthcare utilisation during the last year of life by age group, adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics, comorbidities and clinical measures

From: Healthcare utilisation in the last year of life in internal medicine, young-old versus old-old

Model Variable Healthcare utilisation measures (incremental effect, SE)
Total number of hospital bed days Length of stay ED admissions Total number of admissions Total number of clinic visits
Model 1 Age 80 years old and above −7.257* (3.51) −0.630 (1.26) −0.388 (0.26) − 0.505 (0.27) − 1.952 (1.79)
Model 2 Age 80 years old and above − 7.100* (3.57) − 0.838 (1.02) − 0.421 (0.25) − 0.523* (0.26) − 2.058 (1.45)
Model 3 Age 80 years old and above − 7.099* (3.49) −1.032 (0.80) −0.390 (0.28) − 0.505 (0.28) − 2.059 (1.47)
  1. ED emergency department, CCI Charlson comorbidity index;
  2. *p < 0.05;
  3. Model 1 adjusted for age, sex, CCI, FRAIL-NH;
  4. Model 2 adjusted for age, sex, CCI, FRAIL-NH, dementia, primary residence;
  5. Model 3 adjusted for age, sex, CCI, FRAIL-NH, dementia, primary residence, home services