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Table 3 Mental wellbeing and resilience in the old age population during COVID-19 lockdown in Germany (n = 1005)

From: Mental wellbeing in the German old age population largely unaltered during COVID-19 lockdown: results of a representative survey

  Total Women(n = 566) Men(n = 439) Group difference (p-value)
Depression; M (SD) 1.38 (1.97) 1.53 (2.11) 1.19 (1.76) .007
Anxiety; M (SD) 1.60 (1.98) 1.75 (2.14) 1.41 (1.75) .007
Somatization; M (SD) 2.16 (2.77) 2.32 (2.92) 1.95 (2.53) .036
Global severity index (GSI)a; M (SD) 5.13 (5.49) 5.59 (5.87) 4.55 (4.89) .003
Loneliness
M (SD) 4.13 (1.36) 4.30 (1.48) 3.91 (1.17) <.001
n (%) 130 (13.1) 92 (16.4) 38 (8.8) <.001
Resilience
M (SD) 3.58 (0.68) 3.51 (0.67) 3.67 (0.68) <.001.025
 High; n (%) 178 (18.6) 90 (16.79) 88 (21.1)
 Moderate; n (%) 645 (67.5) 361 (67.1) 284 (68.1)
 Low; n (%) 132 (13.8) 87 (16.2) 45 (10.8)
  1. asum of depression, anxiety and somatization; Abbreviations: M mean; SD standard deviation; missings: depression: n = 14 (1.4%); anxiety: n = 17 (1.7%); somatization: n = 7 (0.7%); GSI: n = 30 (3.0%); loneliness: n = 11 (1.1%); resilience: n = 51 (5.0%)