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Table 2 Aspects of the personal life situation and attitudes towards COVID-19 during lockdown in the old age population in Germany (n = 1005)

From: Mental wellbeing in the German old age population largely unaltered during COVID-19 lockdown: results of a representative survey

  Total Women (n = 566) Men (n = 439) Group difference (p-value)
Duration of quarantine measures; days M (SD; range) 27.96 (4.77, 15–34) 27.76 (4.89) 28.21 (4.60) .144
COVID-19 infection; n (%) .024
 Self 2 (0.2) 2 (0.4) 0 (0.0)
 Household members/family 17 (1.7) 7 (1.2) 10 (2.3)
 Friends or neighbors 44 (4.4) 17 (3.0) 27 (6.1)
 Others 113 (11.2) 57 (10.1) 55 (12.5)
Isolation due to COVID-19 exposure; n (%) .168
 Self 12 (1.2) 6 (1.1) 6 (1.4)
 Household members/family 35 (3.4) 26 (4.6) 9 (2.1)
 Friends or neighbors 52 (5.2) 23 (4.1) 29 (6.6)
 Others 67 (6.7) 33 (5.8) 35 (8.0)
Frequency of direct contact with others over past week; n (%) .458
 Not at all 430 (42.7) 251 (44.3) 179 (40.7)
 1–2 days 292 (29.1) 166 (29.3) 126 (28.6)
 3–4 days 144 (14.4) 77 (13.6) 68 (15.5)
 5–6 days 40 (3.9) 21 (3.7) 19 (4.3)
 Everyday 66 (6.6) 34 (6.0) 32 (7.3)
 Several times everyday 30 (3.0) 14 (2.5) 16 (3.6)
Frequency of indirect contact with others over past week; n (%) .009
 Not at all 71 (7.0) 35 (6.2) 36 (8.2)
 1–2 days 130 (12.9) 57 (10.1) 73 (16.6)
 3–4 days 220 (21.9) 120 (21.2) 100 (22.7)
 5–6 days 76 (7.5) 40 (7.1) 35 (8.0)
 Everyday 340 (33.8) 208 (36.8) 133 (30.2)
 Several times everyday 167 (16.6) 103 (18.2) 63 (14.3)
Receiving support in daily activities; n (%) < .001
 Yes 284 (28.2) 188 (33.2) 96 (21.9)
 Partially 612 (60.8) 78 (13.8) 31 (7.1)
 No 110 (10.9) 300 (53.0) 312 (71.1)
 Unchanged health services access; n (%)YesPartiallyNo 607 (60.4)216 (21.5)162 (16.1) 316 (55.8)99 (17.5)138 (24.4) 291 (66.1)63 (14.3)79 (18.0) .010
Attitudes towards COVID-19
Being worried about COVID-19; n (%) .329
 Strongly disagree 110 (11.0) 57 (10.1) 53 (12.1)
 Disagree 129 (12.9) 68 (12.0) 62 (14.1)
 Neither agree nor disagree 226 (22.5) 130 (23.0) 96 (21.9)
 Agree 175 (17.4) 92 (16.3) 82 (18.7)
 Strongly agree 346 (36.2) 218 (38.6) 146 (33.3)
Perceived threat by COVID-19; n (%) .210
 Strongly disagree 148 (14.7) 84 (14.9) 64 (14.5)
 Disagree 207 (20.6) 1221 (21.4) 85 (19.3)
 Neither agree nor disagree 289 (28.8) 165 (29.2) 125 (28.4)
 Agree 127 (12.6) 59 (10.4) 68 (15.5)
 Strongly agree 233 (23.2) 136 (24.1) 98 (22.3)
Perceived threat by COVID-19 due to age; n (%) .008
 Strongly disagree 90 (9.0) 50 (8.9) 41 (9.4)
 Disagree 135 (13.5) 79 (14.1) 56 (12.9)
 Neither agree nor disagree 223 (22.2) 125 (22.3) 97 (22.3)
 Agree 156 (15.5) 68 (12.1) 88 (20.2)
 Strongly agree 391 (38.9) 238 (42.5) 153 (35.2)
Perceived threat by COVID-19 due to pre-existing health conditions; n (%) .870
 Strongly disagree 287 (28.6) 157 (27.9) 130 (29.6)
 Disagree 164 (16.3) 91 (16.2) 73 (16.6)
 Neither agree nor disagree 179 (17.9) 107 (19.0) 72 (16.4)
 Agree 91 (9.1) 51 (9.1) 41 (9.3)
 Strongly agree 279 (27.8) 157 (27.9) 123 (28.0)
Being supportive of the government’s quarantine measures; n (%) .733
 Strongly disagree 8 (0.8) 5 (0.9) 3 (0.7)
 Disagree 9 (0.9) 5 (0.9) 4 (0.9)
 Neither agree nor disagree 81 (8.0) 42 (7.4) 39 (8.9)
 Agree 119 (11.8) 62 (11.0) 57 (13.0)
 Strongly agree 784 (78.0) 450 (79.8) 334 (76.4)
Feeling restricted due to quarantine measures; n (%) .084
 Strongly disagree 202 (20.1) 123 (21.8) 79 (18.0)
 Disagree 214 (21.3) 106 (18.8) 108 (24.7)
 Neither agree nor disagree 310 (30.8) 183 (32.4) 127 (29.0)
 Agree 125 (12.5) 64 (11.3) 61 (13.9)
 Strongly agree 152 (15.1) 88 (15.6) 63 (14.4)
  1. Missings: direct contact frequency: n = 3 (0.3%); indirect contact frequency: n = 2 (0.2%); unchanged medical services use: 20 (2.0%); worry about COVID-19: n = 1 (0.1%); threat by COVID-19: n = 1 (0.1%); threat due to age: n = 11 (1.1%); threat due to pre-existing health conditions: n = 4 (0.4%); supportive of lockdown: n = 3 (0.3%); perceived restriction: n = 2 (0.2%)