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Table 2 Relationship between baseline (Y1) symptoms and falls during follow-ups (Y2 to Y5), n (%)

From: Independent and synergistic effects of pain, insomnia, and depression on falls among older adults: a longitudinal study

  Total Y2 Y3 Y4 Y5
Fall No fall p Fall No fall p Fall No fall p Fall No fall p
Pain     < 0.001    < 0.001    < 0.001    < 0.001
Yes 1274 (50.0) 331 (57.9) 943 (47.7)   389 (58.8) 890 (47.1)   408 (56.5) 867 (47.4)   418 (56.8) 858 (47.3)  
No 1275 (50.0) 241 (42.1) 1034 (52.3)   273 (41.2) 998 (52.9)   314 (43.5) 961 (52.6)   318 (43.2) 956 (52.7)  
Insomnia     0.097    0.001    0.094    0.001
Yes 574 (22.6) 143 (25.1) 431 (21.8)   181 (27.3) 395 (21.0)   179 (24.9) 397 (21.8)   199 (27.2) 378 (20.9)  
No 1969 (77.4) 426 (74.9) 1543 (78.2)   481 (72.7) 1486 (79.0)   541 (75.1) 1426 (78.2)   533 (72.8) 1433 (79.1)  
Depression     0.013    < 0.001    0.013    0.020
Yes 251 (9.9) 72 (12.6) 179 (9.1)   90 (13.6) 162 (8.6)   88 (12.2) 163 (9.0)   88 (12.0) 163 (9.0)  
No 2286 (90.1) 498 (87.4) 1788 (90.9)   570 (86.4) 1715 (91.4)   631 (87.8) 1655 (91.0)   642 (88.0) 1644 (91.0)  
Total   572 (22.4) 1977 (77.6)   662 (26.0) 1888 (74.0)   722 (28.3) 1828 (71.7)   736 (28.9) 1814 (71.1)