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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of the people with dementia, by setting

From: Emergency department and hospital admissions among people with dementia living at home or in nursing homes: results of the European RightTimePlaceCare project on their frequency, associated factors and costs

Variables Nursing Home
(n = 646)
Home Care
(n = 1054)
Overall
(n = 1700)
Age (years), mean (SD) 83.8 (6.5) 82.1 (6.5) 82.8 (6.5)
Women, n (%) 486 (75.2%) 679 (64.4%) 1165 (68.5%)
S- MMSE (range 0–30)a,b, median (Q1;Q3) 13 (8;17) 15 (10;20) 14 (9;19)
 Missing values 128 130 258
Katz Index (range 0–6)a, median (Q1;Q3) 2 (1;4) 3 (2;5) 3 (1;5)
 Missing values 2 11 13
Charlson Comorbidity Index (range 0–37)a, median (Q1;Q3) 2 (1;3) 2 (1;3) 2 (1;3)
Severity of neuropsychiatric symptoms (range 0–36)a, median (Q1;Q3) 5.5 (3;10) 8 (4;13) 7 (3;12)
Zarit Burden Interview (range 0–88)a, median (Q1;Q3) 21 (13;33) 31 (20.9;43) 27 (17;39.2)
 Missing values 3 3 6
Weight loss (≥4%, yes), n (%) 81 (13.0%) 211 (20.6%) 292 (17.7%)
 Missing values 25 28 53
Polypharmacy (≥5 drugs, yes), n (%) 440 (68.1%) 604 (57.3%) 1044 (61.4%)
Mean number of drugs (SD) 6.0 (3.1) [6] 5.3 (3.1) [5] 5.5 (3.1) [5]
Falls in preceding 3 months (baseline) 172 (26.7%) 215 (20.4%) 387 (22.8%)
 Missing values 3 1 4
Country, n (%)
 United Kingdom 55 (8.5%) 60 (5.7%) 115 (6.8%)
 Estonia 80 (12.4%) 145 (13.8%) 225 (13.2%)
 Finland 111 (17.2%) 157 (14.9%) 268 (15.8%)
 France 35 (5.4%) 151 (14.3%) 186 (10.9%)
 Germany 99 (15.3%) 91 (8.6%) 190 (11.2%)
 Netherlands 104 (16.1%) 165 (15.7%) 269 (15.8%)
 Spain 85 (13.2%) 155 (14.7%) 240 (14.1%)
 Sweden 77 (11.9%) 130 (12.3%) 207 (12.2%)
  1. Missing values declared when present
  2. SD Standard Deviation, Q1 First quartile, Q3 Third quartile
  3. a Underlined scores indicate the direction of a better outcome
  4. bOnly participants with scores of lower than 24 points were included