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Table 3 Mean health care costs per person by determinant in 2017 €

From: Health care costs of injury in the older population: a prospective multicentre cohort study in the Netherlands

  In-hospital costs € (SD) Post-hospital costs € (SD) Total costs € (SD)
Total 5430 (4850) 7270 (17760) 12,190 (18690)
Age, (years)
65–69 4710 (5610) 3760 (9640) 8390 (12160)
70–74 4990 (4670) 4460 (11010) 9280 (12980)
75–79 5510 (5110) 6130 (11920) 11,280 (13540)
80–84 6150 (4890) 9630 (15780) 15,010 (17070)
85–89 5850 (4590) 10,920 (21790) 15,610 (22020)
  ≥ 90 5430 (2880) 12,000 (35960) 15,550 (33740)
Sex
Male 5360 (5610) 5140 (13720) 10,220 (15220)
Female 5480 (4300) 8660 (19860) 13,450 (20510)
Cause of trauma
Home and leisure: falls 5710 (5280) 8460 (19860) 13,480 (20700)
Home and leisure: other 5350 (3040) 7120 (16180) 11,670 (16120)
Traffic 4870 (4230) 4850 (12370) 9610 (13760)
Sport 3440 (1370) 1500 (3840) 4940 (4470)
Other a 4710 (5410) 2770 (4640) 7490 (7400)
Type of injury b
Hip fracture 5940 (3650) 10,540 (23580) 15,490 (23510)
TBI 4940 (6170) 3900 (11140) 8670 (12990)
Pelvic injury 6460 (6270) 7570 (14000) 13,640 (15270)
Tibia, complex foot or femur fracture 6050 (6310) 6910 (13640) 12,390 (17270)
Shoulder and upper arm injury 5250 (3750) 6500 (12130) 11,330 (13080)
Radius, ulna, hand fracture 5710 (5660) 5500 (10470) 10,540 (12980)
Rib fracture 5840 (4820) 3470 (9250) 9250 (11310)
ISS
  < 4 3710 (3490) 4020 (10810) 7590 (11580)
4–8 4990 (5210) 5630 (11970) 10,280 (14320)
9–15 6070 (7200) 9450 (22020) 14,710 (22190)
  ≥ 16 8770 (6780) 6140 (12590) 14,590 (16400)
Comorbidity status
No comorbidity 4250 (2940) 4030 (10000) 8190 (11200)
One 5610 (5800) 5280 (11030) 10,670 (13100)
Two 5270 (4310) 8520 (20550) 13,190 (20820)
Three or more 6220 (5140) 11,020 (24780) 15,810 (24890)
Frailty status
Not frail (GFI 0–3) 4850 (5100) 4800 (10440) 9530 (12670)
Frail (GFI ≥ 4) 5850 (4550) 9870 (24770) 14,330 (24270)
Unknown 6350 (4770) 10,030 (18690) 15,970 (19490)
  1. All costs are rounded to 10 EUR. Values are based on complete data
  2. SD Standard Deviation, ISS Injury Severity Score, TBI traumatic brain injury
  3. a Includes occupational injuries, self-harm, interpersonal violence and unknown causes of trauma
  4. b Only the 7 most common types of injuries are shown. Some patients have multiple injuries and are therefore in more than one group