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Table 3 Logistic regression models of the association between fear of falling and the EQ-5D descriptive system

From: Mediating factors on the association between fear of falling and health-related quality of life in community-dwelling German older people: a cross-sectional study

N = 309 EQ-5D Dimensions
Mobility Self-care Usual activities Pain/Discomfort Anxiety/Depression
Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2 Model 1 Model 2
Fear of falling 1.30*** (1.17–1.45) 1.05 (0.93–1.20) 1.35*** (1.22–1.50) 1.12 (0.99–1.26) 1.35*** (1.22–1.50) 1.12 (0.99–1.26) 1.14* (1.03–1.27) 0.93 (0.81–1.06) 1.18*** (1.08–1.28) 1.11 (1.00–1.23)
Age 1.00 (0.96–1.05) 10.97 (0.92–1.02) 1.02 (0.97–1.07) 0.99 (0.93–1.04) 1.02 (0.97–1.07) 0.99 (0.93–1.04) 0.96 (0.91–1.00) 0.93* (0.88–0.98) 0.95 (0.91–1.00) 0.92** (0.87–0.97)
Female 0.82 (0.45–1.48) 0.52 (0.26–1.03) 0.98 (0.55–1.76) 0.69 (0.35–1.34) 0.98 (0.55–1.76) 0.69 (0.35–1.34) 1.40 (0.74–2.67) 0.90 (0.45–1.82) 1.31 (0.71–2.42) 1.39 (0.72–2.69)
Education
 High ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref. ref.
 Low 1.86* (1.01–3.40) 1.55 (0.79–3.04) 1.39 (0.77–2.52) 1.20 (0.62–2.33) 1.39 (0.77–2.52) 1.20 (0.62–2.33) 2.64** (1.33–5.26) 2.36* (1.13–4.94) 1.92* (1.05–3.53) 2.09* (1.10–4.00)
 Intermediate 1.31 (0.72–2.38) 1.08 (0.57–2.06) 1.53 (0.84–2.78) 1.20 (0.63–2.31) 1.53 (0.84–2.78) 1.20 (0.63–2.31) 1.49 (0.79–2.81) 1.39 (0.70–2.73) 1.83 (0.99–3.38) 1.47 (0.78–2.79)
 Other 0.73 (0.10–5.39) 0.68 (0.05–8.79) 3.58 (0.33–39.0) 6.58 (0.37–116) 3.58 (0.33–39.0) 6.58 (0.37–116) 1.94 (0.19–19.9) 2.34 (0.18–31.0) 3.61 (0.52–24.9) 2.90 (0.34–24.9)
Shared living 0.75 (0.44–1.26) 0.88 (0.50–1.56) 0.95 (0.57–1.61) 1.13 (0.64–2.01) 0.95 (0.57–1.61) 1.13 (0.64–2.01) 1.69 (0.93–3.04) 2.38** (1.24–4.55) 0.92 (0.54–1.56) 0.93 (0.53–1.62)
Chronic conditions   1.15 (0.96–1.40)   0.95 (0.80–1.14)   0.95 (0.80–1.14)   1.02 (0.83–1.25)   0.99 (0.83–1.17)
Number of falls   1.09 (0.82–1.44)   1.07 (0.82–1.39)   1.07 (0.82–1.39)   0.96 (0.71–1.30)   0.99 (0.78–1.25)
Function   0.89*** (0.84–0.95)   0.92** (0.87–0.97)   0.92** (0.87–0.97)   0.87*** (0.82–0.93)   1.03 (0.98–1.08)
Disability   0.97* (0.94–0.99)   0.94*** (0.92–0.97)   0.94*** (0.92–0.97)   0.99 (0.96–1.02)   0.95*** (0.92–0.98)
Functional mobility   1.02 (0.93–1.13)   1.02 (0.93–1.12)   1.02 (0.93–1.12)   0.98 (0.90–1.08)   1.09* (1.00–1.19)
  1. Odds ratios with 95% CI in parentheses; *** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05; fear of falling was assessed with the Short Falls-efficacy Scale-International (Short-FES-I), function and disability with the Late-life Function and Disability Instrument (LLFDI), and functional mobility with the Timed up-and-go test