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Table 3 Levels of AARC gains and losses stratified by sex and educational level

From: International relevance of two measures of awareness of age-related change (AARC)

Sex
  Women (N = 7334) Men (N = 2076)  
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) t-statistics (df) p-value
AARC-10 SF gains 18.2 (3.8) 16.9 (4.0) −14.2203 (9408) <.0001
AARC-10 SF losses 9.7 (3.2) 10.5 (3.5) 9.2481 (9408) <.0001
AARC-50 cognitive functioning gains 14.2 (4.4) 13.0 (4.4) −11.6155 (9408) <.0001
AARC-50 cognitive functioning losses 10.0 (3.6) 10.9 (3.9) 9.6811 (9408) <.0001
University education
  No university education (N = 2369) Completed university education (N = 7041)  
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) t-statistics (df) p-value
AARC-10 SF gains 18.1 (3.9) 17.9 (3.9) 2.5758 (9408) =.01
AARC-10 SF losses 10.2 (3.5) 9.8 (3.2) 5.7887 (9408) <.0001
AARC-50 cognitive functioning gains 14.4 (4.5) 13.8 (4.4) 5.3472 (9408) <.0001
AARC-50 cognitive functioning losses 10.5 (3.8) 10.1 (3.6) 6.0893 (9408) <.0001
  1. Total sample size (N) = 9410
  2. University education was operationalized as a dichotomous variable. No university education included those participants that concluded secondary education or post-secondary education. University education included those participants that concluded vocational qualification, undergraduate degree, post-graduate degree, or doctorate. Secondary education = GCSE or O-levels. Post-secondary education = College, A-levels, NVQ3 or below, or similar. Vocational qualification = Diploma, certificate, BTEC, NVQ 4 and above, or similar. Undergraduate degree = BA or BSc, or similar. Post-graduate degree = MA, MSc, or similar. Doctorate = PhD