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Table 5 Association between financial stress and positive life satisfaction

From: Effect of financial stress on self-rereported health and quality of life among older adults in five developing countries: a cross sectional analysis of WHO-SAGE survey

  Overall China Ghana India Russia South Africa
Model 1
Has Money (Completely)
  Moderately 0.25*** (0.22,0.29) 0.06*** (0.05,0.08) 0.61* (0.37,0.99) 0.55*** (0.39,0.77) 0.39*** (0.31,0.50) 0.54 (0.27,1.07)
  A Little 0.19*** (0.17,0.22) 0.03*** (0.02,0.06) 0.44*** (0.27,0.70) 0.26*** (0.18,0.37) 0.24*** (0.18,0.32) 0.22*** (0.11,0.42)
  Not at All 0.14*** (0.12,0.16) 0.02*** (0.001,0.04) 0.24*** (0.15,0.39) 0.15*** (0.10,0.24) 0.15*** (0.11,0.21) 0.15*** (0.08,0.29)
Model 2
Income quintile (Q1)
  Q2 1.00 (0.88,1.14) 0.95 (0.69,1.29) 1.42* (1.06,1.88) 1.26 (0.92,1.73) 1.10 (0.83,1.46) 1.68* (1.12,2.51)
  Q3 0.47*** (0.41,0.53) 0.12*** (0.09,0.15) 1.51** (1.13,2.03) 1.60** (1.16,2.21) 1.45* (1.09,1.93) 2.34*** (1.53,3.57)
  Q4 1.81*** (1.57,2.08) 1.79** (1.24,2.58) 2.79*** (2.04,3.83) 2.31*** (1.65,3.22) 1.09 (0.80,1.50) 4.02*** (2.56,6.29)
  Q5 2.74*** (2.35,3.20) 2.72*** (1.73,4.26) 3.31*** (2.34,4.68) 2.86*** (1.99,4.10) 2.45*** (1.74,3.45) 5.47*** (3.32,9.01)
Model 3
Has Money (Completely)
  Moderately 0.29*** (0.25,0.33) 0.09*** (0.07,0.13) 0.62 (0.37,1.01) 0.59** (0.42,0.83) 0.40*** (0.32,0.51) 0.56 (0.28,1.14)
 A Little 0.23*** (0.20,0.27) 0.05*** (0.04,0.07) 0.47** (0.29,0.76) 0.29*** (0.20,0.42) 0.25*** (0.18,0.34) 0.27*** (0.14,0.53)
  Not at All 0.15*** (0.13,0.18) 0.02*** (0.01,0.04) 0.30*** (0.18,0.49) 0.19*** (0.12,0.29) 0.16*** (0.11,0.22) 0.18*** (0.09,0.37)
Income quintile (Q1)
  Q2 0.91 (0.79,1.04) 0.64* (0.45,0.91) 1.30 (0.98,1.74) 1.13 (0.82,1.56) 0.95 (0.70,1.28) 1.66* (1.10,2.53)
  Q3 0.44*** (0.38,0.49) 0.10*** (0.07,0.13) 1.31 (0.97,1.76) 1.36 (0.97,1.90) 1.19 (0.88,1.62) 2.24*** (1.45,3.47)
  Q4 1.57*** (1.35,1.82) 0.71 (0.47,1.08) 2.33*** (1.69,3.22) 1.74** (1.23,2.46) 0.90 (0.64,1.26) 3.57*** (2.24,5.67)
  Q5 2.15*** (1.82,2.53) 0.92 (0.55,1.53) 2.51*** (1.75,3.61) 1.69** (1.14,2.49) 1.98*** (1.37,2.85) 4.03*** (2.38,6.81)
  1. Exponentiated coefficients; 95% confidence intervals in brackets.
  2. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001