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Table 4 Association between financial stress and good quality of life

From: Effect of financial stress on self-rereported health and quality of life among older adults in five developing countries: a cross sectional analysis of WHO-SAGE survey

  Overall China Ghana India Russia South Africa
Model 1
Has Money (Completely)
  Moderately 0.26*** (0.23,0.30) 0.09*** (0.07,0.12) 0.30*** (0.19,0.48) 0.26*** (0.19,0.34) 0.24*** (0.17,0.34) 0.41*** (0.25,0.66)
  A Little 0.14*** (0.12,0.16) 0.06*** (0.02,0.03) 0.17*** (0.11,0.26) 0.12*** (0.08,0.17) 0.24*** (0.16,0.37) 0.15*** (0.09,0.24)
  Not at All 0.12*** (0.10,0.15) 0.09*** (0.004,0.17) 0.07*** (0.04,0.12) 0.10*** (0.06,0.16) 0.16*** (0.09,0.28) 0.14*** (0.09,0.23)
Model 2
Income quintile (Q1)
  Q2 2.07*** (1.74,2.46) 3.05*** (2.16,4.31) 1.73** (1.18,2.53) 1.19 (0.82,1.74) 1.48 (0.97,2.25) 1.84* (1.10,3.06)
  Q3 1.33*** (1.12,1.58) 1.08 (0.76,1.53) 1.88** (1.28,2.77) 1.33 (0.90,1.95) 1.35 (0.88,2.09) 2.32** (1.40,3.85)
  Q4 3.65*** (3.08,4.34) 6.73*** (4.68,9.69) 2.53*** (1.71,3.75) 1.82** (1.25,2.63) 1.49 (0.94,2.34) 4.14*** (2.52,6.79)
  Q5 6.70*** (5.63,7.96) 10.21*** (6.78,15.37) 4.02*** (2.66,6.07) 3.19*** (2.19,4.67) 3.18*** (2.06,4.93) 6.46*** (3.84,10.86)
Model 3
Has Money (Completely)
  Moderately 0.28*** (0.24,0.32) 0.10*** (0.08,0.14) 0.31*** (0.19,0.49) 0.28*** (0.21,0.37) 0.25*** (0.18,0.36) 0.42*** (0.26,0.69)
  A Little 0.17*** (0.15,0.20) 0.04*** (0.02,0.06) 0.18*** (0.11,0.28) 0.13*** (0.09,0.19) 0.26*** (0.17,0.40) 0.18*** (0.11,0.29)
  Not at All 0.15*** (0.12,0.18) 0.05*** (0.02,0.22) 0.09*** (0.05,0.14) 0.11*** (0.07,0.19) 0.18*** (0.10,0.31) 0.17*** (0.10,0.29)
Income quintile (Q1)
  Q2 1.86*** (1.55,2.23) 2.19*** (1.48,3.25) 1.50* (1.01,2.23) 0.99 (0.67,1.47) 1.38 (0.89,2.13) 1.84* (1.08,3.11)
  Q3 1.33** (1.11,1.59) 1.19 (0.81,1.74) 1.49 (1.00,2.22) 1.04 (0.70,1.56) 1.14 (0.72,1.78) 2.37** (1.40,4.00)
  Q4 3.07*** (2.57,3.68) 2.98*** (1.97,4.50) 1.88** (1.25,2.85) 1.23 (0.83,1.82) 1.25 (0.78,2.00) 3.70*** (2.21,6.19)
  Q5 5.09*** (4.24,6.11) 3.94*** (2.50,6.20) 2.51*** (1.62,3.90) 1.54* (1.02,2.33) 2.57*** (1.63,4.07) 4.50*** (2.60,7.81)
  1. Exponentiated coefficients; 95% confidence intervals in brackets.
  2. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001