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Table 2 Distribution of baseline characteristics among men and women according to their perceived loneliness status (N = 512)

From: Cardiovascular and all-cause mortality attributable to loneliness in older Swedish men and women

  Men
N = 240
Women
N = 272
Lonely
N = 41
Not lonely
N = 199
p-value Lonely
N = 84
Not lonely
N = 188
p-value
Current perceived economic situation
 Good 47.5 (19) 77.7 (150)   48.8 (39) 72.2 (132)  
 Average 27.5 (11) 15.6 (30)   38.8 (31) 17.8 (32)  
 Poor 25.0 (10) 6.7 (13) 0.000 12.5 (10) 10.0 (18) 0.001
Living alone 52.5 (21) 9.1 (18) 0.000 60.8 (48) 39.2 (71) 0.001
Smoking status:
 Never smoker 22.0 (9) 33.3 (66)   51.2 (42) 62.5 (115)  
 Previous smoker 53.6 (22) 53.5 (106)   25.6 (21) 23.9 (44)  
 Current smoker 24.4 (10) 13.2 (26) 0.119 23.2 (19) 13.6 (25) 0.109
Physical activity:
 Regular 38.5 (15) 64.4 (125)   32.5 (25) 35.8 (63)  
 Inactive 61.5 (24) 35.6 (69) 0.003 67.5 (52) 64.2 (113) 0.609
BMI 27.13 ± 3.49 26.88 ± 3.95 0.704 26.63 ± 4.04 27.22 ± 4.69 0.330
Alcohol (gm/per week) 51.18 ± 64.61 76.29 ± 108.27 0.071 25.69 ± 31.14 34.03 ± 52.14 0.228
Health related variables:
 SBP (mm Hg) 151.97 ± 22.46 157.71 ± 20.40 0.146 151.43 ± 23.85 153.70 ± 22.07 0.504
 DBP (mm Hg) 84.76 ± 8.94 87.81 ± 9.95 0.103 85.40 ± 11.85 84.36 ± 10.47 0.517
 Triglyceride (mmol/l) 1.30 + 0.54 1.39 ± 0.57 0.386 1.40 ± 0.56 1.41 ± 0.85 0.995
 Diabetes 12.2 (5) 11.2 (22) 0.850 11.5 (9) 9.0 (16) 0.536
 CHD 17.1 (7) 10.7 (21) 0.246 5.0 (4) 5.5 (10) 0.877
 Stroke 2.4 (1) 5.1 (10) 9.8 (8) 7.0 (13) 0.445
 Cancer 12.2 (5) 15.3 (30) 0.610 18.2 (14) 12.6 (22) 0.248
 Chronic bronchitis 19.5 (8) 13.2 (26) 0.293 25.6 (20) 15.2 (27) 0.046
 Arthritis 17.1 (7) 17.3 (34) 0.966 34.6 (27) 31.8 (56) 0.661
 ADL disability 17.9 (7) 9.2 (17) 0.108 14.9 (11) 10.6 (18) 0.343
Depression:
 No 68.4 (26) 95.7 (180)   61.3 (49) 92.8 (168)  
 Minor 21.1 (8) 4.3 (8)   25.0 (20) 5.5 (10)  
 Major 10.5 (4) 0 0.000 13.8 (11) 1.7 (3) 0.000
  1. Values presented in this table are mean ± SD or percentage with number of subjects in parenthesis
  2. BMI Body mass index (wt in kg/ht. in m2), SBP Systolic blood pressure, DBP Diastolic blood pressure, CHD Coronary heart disease