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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of men and women at the 15-year follow-up visit and stratified by frailty groups. Values reported as means ±SD or median (IQR)

From: The association between a fracture risk tool and frailty: Geelong Osteoporosis Study

 AllFrailPre-frailRobustP-value
WomenN = 303N = 47N = 168N = 88 
Age (yr)70 (65–75)76 (70–84)70 (65–75)67 (63–72)< 0.001
Weight (kg)73.7 ± 15.073.0 ± 15.074.7 ± 15.072.4 ± 15.00.474
Height (m)1.60 ± 0.061.57 ± 0.061.60 ± 0.061.61 ± 0.060.004
Body mass index (kg/m2)29.0 ± 5.729.4 ± 5.529.4 ± 5.928.0 ± 5.30.141
Femoral neck bone mineral density (g/cm2)0.835 ± 0.1300.801 ± 0.1360.844 ± 0.1360.835 ± 0.1080.127
FRAX scoresa
 MOF-FRAXBMD 12.0 (5.7–17)6.1 (3.2–10)4.6 (3.0–8.1)< 0.001
 MOF-FRAXnoBMD 14.0 (6.5–28)7.5 (4.0–14.8)5.9 (3.6–9.0)< 0.001
 Hip-FRAXBMD 3.8 (1.3–6.1)1.45 (0.4–3.6)1.0 (0.4–2.6)< 0.001
 Hip-FRAXnoBMD 5.8 (2.0–13)2.6 (1.0–6.6)1.8 (0.9–3.6)< 0.001
MenN = 282N = 41N = 147N = 94 
Age (yr)71 (66–78)78 (73–74)71 (66–79)68 (64–71)< 0.001
Weight (kg)82.7 ± 12.488.1 ± 13.282.0 ± 12.781.4 ± 11.090.011
Height (m)1.72 ± 0.081.71 ± 0.081.72 ± 0.061.73 ± 0.100.510
Body mass index (kg/m2)28.0 ± 4.330.1 ± 4.127.5 ± 3.627.5 ± 5.10.002
Femoral neck Bone mineral density (g/cm2)0.935 ± 0.1370.961 ± 0.1530.921 ± 0.1230.947 ± 0.1490.158
FRAX scores
 MOF-FRAXBMD 4.2 (3.0–5.5)3.5 (2.3–1.2)2.7 (1.7–4.3)< 0.001
 MOF-FRAXnoBMD 6.2 (4.0–7.3)4.0 (2.5–7.1)3.0 (1.1–4.7)< 0.001
 Hip-FRAXBMD 1.6 (0.8–2.3)1.0 (0.5–2.2)0.7 (0.3–1.6)< 0.001
 Hip-FRAXnoBMD 3.1 (1.6–3.8)1.6 (0.7–3.7)0.9 (0.4–2.0)< 0.001
  1. aFracture risk assessment (FRAX), Major Osteoporotic Fractures (MOF) FRAX score with Bone mineral density (BMD)(MOF-FRAXBMD), MOF-FRAX score without BMD (MOF-FRAXnoBMD), hip FRAX with BMD (hip-FRAXBMD),), hip FRAX score without BMD (hip-FRAXnoBMD)