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Table 2 The prevalence of comorbidities at the time of admission occurring in 5% or more of patients

From: Prevalence of medication-related falls in 200 consecutive elderly patients with hip fractures: a cross-sectional study

 Whole populationPatients without a medication-related fallPatients with a medication-related fallP value (patients with vs. without a medication-related fall)
n (%)200 (100)118 (59)82 (41) 
Prevalence of comorbidity (n(%))
 Hypertension90 (45)49 (42)41 (50)0.2
 Osteoporosis46 (23)28 (24)18 (22)0.8
 Atrial fibrillation44 (22)21 (18)23 (28)0.09
 Previous ischaemic stroke36 (18)21 (18)14 (17)0.9
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease32 (16)16 (13)16 (19)0.2
 Dementia30 (15)15 (13)15 (18)0.3
 Previous fracture (hip or spine)29 (14.5)12 (10)17 (20)0.04
 Ischaemic heart disease27 (13.5)11 (9)20 (24)0.04
 Type 2 diabetes27 (13.5)19 (14)8 (10)0.4
 Chronic renal failure25 (12.5)16 (13)9 (11)0.6
 Depression22 (11)9 (7)13 (16)0.07
 Cancer18 (9)12 (10)6 (7)0.5
 Chronic heart failure14 (7)10 (8)4 (5)0.3
 Visual or hearing impairment14 (7)13 (7)10 (7)0.9
 Hyperthyreosis12 (6)7 (6)5 (6)1
 Arthrosis12 (6)6 (5)5 (6)0.7
 Hypothyreosis10 (5)6 (5)4 (5)1
 Chronic alcoholism10 (5)5 (4)4 (5)1
  1. Table 2. Comorbidities at the time of admission with a prevalence of 5 % or higher. One patient could have several diagnoses. Differences between patients with and without a medication-related fall were tested by the two-sample z-test
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