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Table 1 The characteristics of the sample divided by gender

From: Internet use and self-rated health among Swedish 70-year-olds: a cross-sectional study

 Male n = 523 (%)Female n = 613 (%)P-value
Self-rated health (SRH)
Excellent70 (13.4)66 (10.8)ns
Very good190 (36.6)221 (36.1)ns
Good190 (36.6)214 (34.9)ns
Moderate64 (12.2)99 (16.2)ns
Poor9 (1.7)13 (2.1)ns
Pulmonary diseasea113 (20.3)150 (23.5)ns
Cardiovascular diseaseb89 (15.9)76 (11.8)0.044
Diabetes68 (12.2)56 (8.8)ns
Stroke35 (6.5)42 (6.7)ns
Depression37 (6.7)70 (11.0)0.011
Anxiety16 (2.9)56 (8.8)0.000
Vision impairment (mild to severe)297 (54.0)312 (49.1)ns
Hearing impairment (mild to severe)207 (37.7)165 (25.9)0.000
Social contacts index
Daily203 (39.8)316 (52.1)ns
Once a week269 (52.7)269 (45.2)ns
Once a month34 (6.7)7 (1.2)ns
More seldom or never4 (0.8)3 (0.5)ns
Perceived loneliness
Never495 (89.7)494 (77.7)0.000
Sometimes43 (7.8)106 (16.7)0.000
Often14 (2.5)36 (5.7)0.000
  1. aPulmonary disease included asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic bronchitis, and emphysema. bCardiovascular disease included heart attack, chronic heart failure, angina pectoris, and intermittent claudication