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Table 1 Characteristics of patients with diagnosis of sepsis in relation to age (2009–2016). Data reported as number of cases and percent and mean and [standard deviation]

From: Old subjects with sepsis in the emergency department: trend analysis of case fatality rate

CharacteristicsAll Cases<80 years≥80 yearsOR (95%CI) or P value
Age group24921173 (47.1)1319 (52.9)1.11 (1.03–1.19)
Sex (male %)1355 (54.4)672 (57.3)683 (51.8)*0.80 (0.68–0.94)
Age (years, mean [SD])77.9 [14.6]66.5 [12.4]88.1 [6.8]*< 0.001
Comorbidities
 Diabetes727 (29.2)300 (25.6)427 (32.4)*1.39 (1.17 - 1.66)
 COPD1142 (45.8)474 (40.4)668 (50.6)*1.51 (1.29–1.77)
 CKD837 (33.6)366 (31.2)471 (35.7)*1.22 (1.04–1.45)
 AHF885 (35.5)358 (30.5)538 (40.8)*1.56 (1.33–1.85)
 Dementia750 (30.1)213 (18.2)537 (40.7)*3.19 (2.66–3.82)
 Cancer1046 (42.0)525 (44.8)521 (39.5)*0.81 (0.69–0.94)
 HIV infection24 (1.0)2 (0.2)22 (1.9)*0.79 (0.19–0.34)
Vial Signs at ED arrival
 Body temperature C37.6 (0.8)37.7 (0.8)37.5 (0.7)*<0.001
 Heart rate (beats/min)97.2 (19.6)98.2 (19.6)96.3 (19.6)*0.016
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)117.5 (24.0)117.2 (23.0)117.9 (24.8)0.464
 Respiratory rate (breaths/min)23.1 (5.8)22.9 (5.9)23.2 (5.8)0.201
qSOFA ≥ 22302 (92.4)1103 (94.0)1199 (90.9)*0.63 (0.47–0.86)
SIRS ≥ 21878 (75.4)886 (75.5)992 (75.2)0.98 (0.82–1.18)
Diagnosis at admission819 (32.9)350 (29.8)469 (35.6)*1.30 (1.10–1.53)
  1. COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, CKD Chronic kidney disease, AHF Acute heart failure, HIV Human immune-deficiency virus, qSOFA, quick Sequential Organ Dysfunction Assessment, SIRS Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome. * significant difference vs. subjects <80 years, P < 0.05