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Table 2 Multivariate analysis of the risk factors for dysphagia in hip fracture patients ≥65 years of age

From: The prevalence, risk factors and prognostic implications of dysphagia in elderly patients undergoing hip fracture surgery in Korea

VariableAnalytic modelOdds ratio95% CIP
Gender (male)Model 12.541.19–5.390.015
Model 21.430.61–3.340.414
BMIModel 10.900.81–1.000.045
Model 20.960.86–1.070.427
ASA classification ≥3Model 13.451.38–8.620.008
Model 22.190.83–5.760.113
StrokeModel 12.421.07–5.510.035
Model 21.810.75–4.390.188
SmokingModel 14.691.63–13.450.004
Model 22.910.86–9.800.085
Albumin < 3.5 g/dLModel 14.201.96–9.00< 0.001
Model 23.131.40–7.010.005
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, BMI body mass index, ASA American Society Anesthesiologists
  2. 1. Model 1 was not adjusted
  3. 2. Model 2 included all six variables listed in the table