Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 4 Characteristics of the frail samples according to the frailty measurements (CFAI and Fried Phenotype)

From: Concordances and differences between a unidimensional and multidimensional assessment of frailty: a cross-sectional study

 Solely CFAI
High frail
CFAI and FP
(High-) frail
Solely FP
Frail
p-value
N = 12N = 23N = 15
Agemean 70.0075.0476.670.141
Sense of Mastery (0–5)mean 3.362.9413.7610.003*
Meaning in Life (0–5)mean 3.673.533.870.427
Life Satisfaction (0–5)mean 2.8223.0733.92230.001*
Social Inclusion (0–5)mean 3.583.874.380.199
Ageing Well in Place (0–5)mean 4.173.7444.5340.081¥
Feeling Frail (0–5)mean 3.253.172.730.465
Net income in Euro’sN    0.021
 500–999220 
 1000–14999104 
 1500–1999045 
 2000 or more154 
Physical activitiesN    0.001
 never21811 
 Rarely120 
 monthly110 
 weekly824 
  1. Continuous variables were tested by ANOVA (Post hoc: Tukey HSD), while ordinal variables were tested by the Kruskall-Wallis test (post hoc Kendall tau). CFAI=Comprehensive Frailty Assessment Index, FP = Fried Phenotype. p < 0.05 is considered significant. p < 0.10 is considered a trend. Superscripts with the same number indicate a significant (mean) difference between two pairs of groups. Net income and physical activity are significant different between solely CFAI and the two other groups (solely FP/CFAI and FP). Except age, all continuous scales ranged from 0 indicating a low level of … (e.g., mastery), till 5 indicating a high level of … (e.g., mastery)