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Table 4 Characteristics of the frail samples according to the frailty measurements (CFAI and Fried Phenotype)

From: Concordances and differences between a unidimensional and multidimensional assessment of frailty: a cross-sectional study

 Solely CFAI
High frail
(High-) frail
Solely FP
N = 12N = 23N = 15
Agemean 70.0075.0476.670.141
Sense of Mastery (0–5)mean 3.362.9413.7610.003*
Meaning in Life (0–5)mean 3.673.533.870.427
Life Satisfaction (0–5)mean 2.8223.0733.92230.001*
Social Inclusion (0–5)mean 3.583.874.380.199
Ageing Well in Place (0–5)mean 4.173.7444.5340.081¥
Feeling Frail (0–5)mean
Net income in Euro’sN    0.021
 2000 or more154 
Physical activitiesN    0.001
  1. Continuous variables were tested by ANOVA (Post hoc: Tukey HSD), while ordinal variables were tested by the Kruskall-Wallis test (post hoc Kendall tau). CFAI=Comprehensive Frailty Assessment Index, FP = Fried Phenotype. p < 0.05 is considered significant. p < 0.10 is considered a trend. Superscripts with the same number indicate a significant (mean) difference between two pairs of groups. Net income and physical activity are significant different between solely CFAI and the two other groups (solely FP/CFAI and FP). Except age, all continuous scales ranged from 0 indicating a low level of … (e.g., mastery), till 5 indicating a high level of … (e.g., mastery)