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Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristics and social capital levels in the VIP participants

From: Living alone and mortality among older people in Västerbotten County in Sweden: a survey and register-based longitudinal study

VariablesVIP participants aged 50 and 60
Men (n = 22,226)
% (95% CI)
Women (n = 23,390)
% (95% CI)
Family type and living arrangement (%)
 In partnership with children at home39.3 (38.7–40.0)29.9 (29.3–30.5)
 In partnership without children at home34.8 (34.2–35.4)42.8 (42.1–43.4)
 Single parent with children at home4.0 (3.8–4.3)6.7 (6.4–7.0)
 Single with no children at home21.8 (21.3–22.4)20.6 (20.1–21.2)
Employment status (%)
 Fully employed72.1 (71.5–72.6)72.2 (71.6–72.8)
 Employed with unemployed5.5 (5.2–5.8)5.8 (5.5–6.1)
 Mostly unemployed3.4 (3.2–3.7)2.0 (1.8–2.1)
 Fully unemployed4.0 (3.8–4.3)3.4 (3.2–3.6)
 Partly pensioner5.0 (4.7–5.3)4.9 (4.6–5.1)
 Fully pensioner9.9 (9.5–10.3)11.7 (11.3–12.1)
Education level (%)
 Basic education33.4 (32.8–34.0)27.2 (26.7–27.8)
 Middle education47.9 (47.3–48.6)48.6 (48.0–49.3)
 High education18.7 (18.2–19.2)24.2 (23.6–24.7)
Social participation (%)
 High access23.8 (23.2–24.4)26.0 (25.5–26.6)
 Medium access23.1 (22.6–23.7)20.3 (19.8–20.8)
 Low access13.1 (12.6–13.5)9.9 (9.5–10.3)
 No access40.0 (39.4–40.7)43.8 (43.1–44.5)
Informal socializing (%)
 High access70.6 (70.0–71.2)71.3 (70.7–71.9)
 Medium access17.7 (17.2–18.2)17.1 (16.6–17.6)
 Low access8.0 (7.6–8.3)7.6 (7.3–8.0)
 No access3.8 (3.5–4.0)3.9 (3.7–4.2)
  1. In addition to the variables above, we also had information about risk factor quintiles for individuals who participated in the VIP program during 1990–2006. As the risk factor quintiles were approximately equally distributed; hence we do not present the information in this table. The proportions and 95% confidence intervals for the VIP participants are based on imputed data using the Rubin approach. See text in the Methods section for more details