Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 2 Multivariate regression for DGI-2013 and components (2010) vs. TICS-m 2014 in the WELL study

From: Diet quality and cognitive function in mid-aged and older men and women

 Total (n = 617)Men (n = 302)Women (n = 315)
 B (95% CI)B (95% CI)B (95% CI)
DGI-2013
 Crude0.03 (0.00, 0.05)*0.02 (−0.01, 0.05)0.01 (− 0.03, 0.04)
 Adjusted0.00 (− 0.01, 0.03)0.02 (− 0.01, 0.05)0.00 (− 0.03, 0.04)
Dietary variety
 Crude0.41 (0.14, 0.67)**0.37 (− 0.04, 0.77)0.30 (− 0.04, 0.65)
 Adjusted0.28 (0.03, 0.52)*0.31 (− 0.04, 0.65)0.26 (− 0.06, 0.59)
Vegetable serves
 Crude0.27 (−0.01, 0.56)0.10 (−0.17, 0.38)0.20 (− 0.27, 0.68)
 Adjusted0.20 (−0.08, 0.47)0.20 (− 0.08, 0.48)0.27 (− 0.20, 0.74)
Fruit serves
 Crude0.05 (−0.15, 0.25)0.05 (−0.29, 0.39)− 0.16 (− 0.52, 0.20)
 Adjusted−0.06 (− 0.28, 0.17)0.07 (− 0.24, 0.38)− 0.16 (− 0.53, 0.21)
Grain foods serves
 Crude−0.07 (− 0.40, 0.26)0.07 (− 0.22, 0.36)−0.08 (− 0.55, 0.40)
 Adjusted− 0.05 (− 0.34, 0.25)0.03 (− 0.26, 0.32)− 0.17 (− 0.59, 0.25)
Wholegrain bread
Crude
“I don’t eat bread/white bread”refrefref
“high fibre white/multigrain/other”1.31 (0.37, 2.26)**0.60 (− 0.44, 1.64)1.92 (0.35, 3.49)*
“Wholemeal/rye”0.28 (−0.77, 1.33)− 0.76 (−2.06, 0.54)1.52 (0.09, 2.95)*
Adjusted  n = 311
“I don’t eat bread/white bread”refrefrefa
“high fibre white/multigrain/other”0.87 (−0.05, 1.79)0.46 (− 0.54, 1.47)1.29 (− 0.08, 2.66)
“Wholemeal/rye”− 0.03 (− 1.06, 1.00)− 0.79 (− 2.11, 0.53)0.95 (− 0.44, 2.34)
Meat and alternatives serves
 Crude0.17 (− 0.15, 0.49)0.23 (− 0.14, 0.60)0.05 (− 0.29, 0.39)
 Adjusted0.03 (− 0.27, 0.34)0.17 (− 0.17, 0.52)− 0.03 (− 0.38, 0.31)
Dairy serves
 Crude0.18 (− 0.06, 0.43)0.13 (− 0.26, 0.52)0.18 (− 0.23, 0.59)
 Adjusted0.18 (− 0.06, 0.43)0.11 (− 0.26, 0.47)0.18 (− 0.21, 0.57)
Fluid serves
 Crude0.08 (− 0.00, 0.16)0.11 (− 0.02, 0.24)− 0.01 (− 0.13, 0.12)
 Adjusted0.01 (− 0.06, 0.09)0.06 (− 0.09, 0.20)− 0.03 (− 0.15, 0.09)
Discretionary foods serves
 Crude−0.04 (− 0.14, 0.07)0.08 (− 0.04, 0.20)− 0.03 (− 0.19, 0.14)
 Adjusted0.04 (− 0.06, 0.13)0.07 (− 0.05, 0.19)−0.01 (− 0.17, 0.14)
Trimming fat from meat
Crude
“Never/rarely”refrefref
“Sometimes”0.43 (− 1.29, 2.15)0.37 (− 1.71, 2.44)0.18 (−3.31, 3.67)
“Usually/always/I don’t eat meat”1.11 (−0.50, 2.72)0.64 (− 1.26, 2.55)0.97 (− 1.93, 3.86)
Adjusted
“Never/rarely”refrefref
“Sometimes”−0.08 (−1.59, 1.42)− 0.02 (−2.08, 2.04)− 0.34 (−3.76, 3.07)
“Usually/always/I don’t eat meat”0.37 (− 1.06, 1.81)0.36 (− 1.53, 2.24)0.34 (− 2.34, 3.02)
Type of milk drunk
Crude
“Whole”refrefref
“Don’t know/soy”0.20 (−1.34, 1.74)−0.85 (−3.04, 1.34)0.16 (−2.08, 2.41)
“I don’t drink milk/low fat/skim”0.27 (−0.50, 1.04)−0.16 (−1.06, 0.75)0.33 (− 1.13, 1.80)
Adjusted
“Whole”refrefref
“Don’t know/soy”−0.67 (−1.89, 0.54)−1.00 (−3.34, 1.33)−0.52 (−2.39, 1.35)
“I don’t drink milk/low fat/skim”−0.20 (− 0.99, 0.59)−0.14 (− 1.01, 0.72)−0.27 (− 1.80, 1.26)
Unsaturated fat oils and spreads serves
 Crude0.31 (−0.03, 0.65)0.34 (−0.01, 0.70)0.26 (− 0.14, 0.65)
 Adjusted0.19 (−0.15, 0.53)0.26 (− 0.09, 0.60)0.14 (− 0.28, 0.55)
Salt added after cooking
Crude
“Never”refrefref
“Sometimes”0.50 (−0.19, 1.18)− 0.22 (−1.18, 0.73)1.14 (0.26, 2.02)*
“Usually”−0.05 (−1.02, 0.92)− 0.64 (−2.00, 0.73)0.75 (− 0.29, 1.79)
Adjustedn = 606 n = 310
“Never”refarefrefa
“Sometimes”0.34 (−0.23, 0.91)0.05 (− 0.99, 1.08)0.98 (0.25, 1.71)*
“Usually”0.23 (−0.72, 1.19)−0.18 (−1.58, 1.23)0.63 (− 0.23, 1.49)
Salt added during cooking
Crude
“Never”refrefref
“Sometimes”0.08 (− 0.61, 0.76)0.44 (−0.60, 1.48)− 0.11 (−1.22, 0.99)
“Usually”−1.06 (−2.21, 0.09)− 1.35 (− 2.82, 0.12)−0.64 (− 2.23, 0.94)
“Don’t know”−2.23 (−4.78, 0.32)−1.52 (−4.04, 0.99)n/a
Adjusted
“Never”refrefref
“Sometimes”0.12 (−0.54, 0.78)0.26 (− 0.76, 1.28)0.01 (−1.11, 1.14)
“Usually”−0.91 (−1.96, 0.14)−1.26 (−2.72, 0.21)−0.49 (− 1.96, 0.97)
“Don’t know”−1.60 (−4.31, 1.12)−1.51 (− 4.45, 1.44)n/a
High sugar food serves
 Crude−0.29 (− 0.52, − 0.06)−0.17 (− 0.41, 0.06)−0.25 (− 0.91, 0.40)
 Adjusted− 0.16 (− 0.35, 0.04)−0.15 (− 0.36, 0.05)−0.17 (− 0.73, 0.39)
Alcohol serves
 Crude0.10 (−0.13, 0.34)0.22 (0.01, 0.44)*0.36 (−0.23, 0.94)
 Adjusted0.23 (− 0.01, 0.46)0.22 (−0.04, 0.47)0.27 (− 0.24, 0.78)
  1. Adjusted for age (sex – total only) + education + urban/rural + clustering by postcode + total physical activity (T1)
  2. DGI-2013 Dietary Guideline Index, TICS-m Telephone Interview of Cognitive Status
  3. aResults presented with outliers removed, *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01