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Table 1 Characteristics of 617 Men and Women from the WELL Study, Victoria, Australia, 2010–2014

From: Diet quality and cognitive function in mid-aged and older men and women

 Total n = 617Men n = 302Women n = 315
 Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)
Age T1 (years)60.2 (3.14)60.2 (3.11)60.2 (3.17)
BMI T1 (kg/m2)26.6 (4.71)27.2 (4.31)26.1 (5.00)
BMI T3 (kg/m2)26.5 (4.76)27.1 (4.31)26.0 (5.09)
Total physical activity T1 (MET hours/week)93.1 (78.9)97.2 (82.8)89.1 (74.8)
Total physical activity T3 (MET hours/week)93.8 (82.4)97.2 (84.5)90.6 (80.4)
Dietary Guideline Index T187.5 (13.9)84.4 (13.9)90.5 (13.2)
Dietary Guideline Index T388.2 (13.3)85.2 (13.5)91.1 (12.4)
Change in Dietary Guideline Index T3-T10.66 (11.0)0.77 (10.3)0.55 (11.6)
Geriatric depression scale T31.72 (2.30)1.71 (2.25)1.73 (2.34)
TICS-M T337.0 (4.06)
Min – 24
Max - 48
36.3 (3.86)
Min – 24
Max - 48
37.6 (4.15)
Min – 24
Max - 48
Region T1N (%)  
Urban598 (96.9)293 (97.0)305 (96.8)
Rural19 (3)9 (2.98)10 (3.17)
Country of birth
Australia472 (76.5)221 (73.2)251 (79.7)
UK49 (7.94)31 (10.26)18 (5.71)
Other96 (15.5)50 (16.6)46 (14.6)
Relationship status T1
Married/defacto477 (77.4)258 (85.4)219 (69.6)
Separated/divorced82 (13.3)25 (8.28)57 (18.2)
Widowed28 (4.55)3 (0.99)25 (7.96)
Never married29 (4.71)16 (5.30)13 (4.14)
Retired T1
Yes215 (35.3)87 (29.1)128 (41.2)
No395 (64.8)212 (70.9)183 (58.8)
Education
Up to 10 years136 (22.0)51 (16.9)85 (27.0)
12 years/trade/certificate204 (33.1)116 (38.4)88 (27.9)
University degree277 (44.9)135 (44.7)142 (45.1)
Smoking status T1
Never smoked346 (56.1)154 (51.0)192 (60.9)
Former smoker207 (33.6)120 (39.7)87 (27.6)
Daily smoker64 (10.4)28 (9.27)36 (11.4)
History of stroke, n (%)18 (2.9)11 (3.6)7 (2.2)
History of diabetes, n (%)52 (8.4)37 (12.3)15 (4.8)
History of heart disease, n (%)112 (18.2)73 (24.2)39 (12.4)
History of hypertension, n (%)276 (44.7)139 (46.0)137 (43.5)