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Table 1 Characteristics of 617 Men and Women from the WELL Study, Victoria, Australia, 2010–2014

From: Diet quality and cognitive function in mid-aged and older men and women

  Total n = 617 Men n = 302 Women n = 315
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Age T1 (years) 60.2 (3.14) 60.2 (3.11) 60.2 (3.17)
BMI T1 (kg/m2) 26.6 (4.71) 27.2 (4.31) 26.1 (5.00)
BMI T3 (kg/m2) 26.5 (4.76) 27.1 (4.31) 26.0 (5.09)
Total physical activity T1 (MET hours/week) 93.1 (78.9) 97.2 (82.8) 89.1 (74.8)
Total physical activity T3 (MET hours/week) 93.8 (82.4) 97.2 (84.5) 90.6 (80.4)
Dietary Guideline Index T1 87.5 (13.9) 84.4 (13.9) 90.5 (13.2)
Dietary Guideline Index T3 88.2 (13.3) 85.2 (13.5) 91.1 (12.4)
Change in Dietary Guideline Index T3-T1 0.66 (11.0) 0.77 (10.3) 0.55 (11.6)
Geriatric depression scale T3 1.72 (2.30) 1.71 (2.25) 1.73 (2.34)
TICS-M T3 37.0 (4.06)
Min – 24
Max - 48
36.3 (3.86)
Min – 24
Max - 48
37.6 (4.15)
Min – 24
Max - 48
Region T1 N (%)   
Urban 598 (96.9) 293 (97.0) 305 (96.8)
Rural 19 (3) 9 (2.98) 10 (3.17)
Country of birth
Australia 472 (76.5) 221 (73.2) 251 (79.7)
UK 49 (7.94) 31 (10.26) 18 (5.71)
Other 96 (15.5) 50 (16.6) 46 (14.6)
Relationship status T1
Married/defacto 477 (77.4) 258 (85.4) 219 (69.6)
Separated/divorced 82 (13.3) 25 (8.28) 57 (18.2)
Widowed 28 (4.55) 3 (0.99) 25 (7.96)
Never married 29 (4.71) 16 (5.30) 13 (4.14)
Retired T1
Yes 215 (35.3) 87 (29.1) 128 (41.2)
No 395 (64.8) 212 (70.9) 183 (58.8)
Education
Up to 10 years 136 (22.0) 51 (16.9) 85 (27.0)
12 years/trade/certificate 204 (33.1) 116 (38.4) 88 (27.9)
University degree 277 (44.9) 135 (44.7) 142 (45.1)
Smoking status T1
Never smoked 346 (56.1) 154 (51.0) 192 (60.9)
Former smoker 207 (33.6) 120 (39.7) 87 (27.6)
Daily smoker 64 (10.4) 28 (9.27) 36 (11.4)
History of stroke, n (%) 18 (2.9) 11 (3.6) 7 (2.2)
History of diabetes, n (%) 52 (8.4) 37 (12.3) 15 (4.8)
History of heart disease, n (%) 112 (18.2) 73 (24.2) 39 (12.4)
History of hypertension, n (%) 276 (44.7) 139 (46.0) 137 (43.5)