Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Multivariate linear regression with selected background characteristics to predict the cognitive outcome of the elderly in India, 2007-08, in 4 models

From: Impact of transition in work status and social participation on cognitive performance among elderly in India

Background variables Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Coefficient 95%CI P value Coefficient 95%CI P value Coefficient 95%CI P value Coefficient 95%CI P value
Age groups
 50-59 Ref    Ref    Ref      
 60-69 −0.349 (−0.523;-0.175) <.001 −0.350 (−0.525;-0.175) <.001 −0.348 (−0.522;-0.173) <.001 −0.353 (−0.522;-0.173) <.001
 70+ −1.018 (−1.247;-0.789) <.001 −1.019 (−1.249;-0.790) <.001 −1.022 (−1.251;-0.794) <.001 −1.016 (−1.245;-0.788) <.001
Gender
 Male Ref    Ref    Ref      
 Female −0.202 (−0.416;-0.013) 0.065 −0.271 (−0.845;-0.303) 0.355 −0.066 (−0.398;0.265) 0.695 −0.189 (−0.403;-0.026) 0.084
Place of residence
 Urban Ref    Ref    Ref      
 Rural −0.525 (−0.707;-0.343) <.001 −0.525 (−0.708;-0.343) <.001 −0.527 (−0.709;-0.345) <.001 −0.524 (−0.706;-0.342) <.001
Marital status
 Never married Ref    Ref    Ref      
 Currently married −0.180 (−0.952;0.591) 0.647 −0.180 (−0.952;0.592) 0.647 −0.177 (−0.949;0.595) 0.652 −0.169 (−0.939;0.602) 0.668
 Others −0.580 (−1.368;0.209) 0.149 −0.579 (−1.368;0.209) 0.15 −0.577 (−1.366;0.211) 0.151 −0.556 (−1.344;0.231) 0.166
Caste
 Unreserved Ref    Ref    Ref      
 Reserved −0.534 (-0.690;0.378) <.001 −0.536 (−0.693;0.380) <.001 −0.535 (−0.691;0.379) <.001 −0.541 (−0.697;0.385) <.001
Completed education
 No formal Ref    Ref    Ref      
 Primary 1.569 (1.375;1.762) <.001 1.570 (1.376;1.764) <.001 1.562 (1.369;1.756) <.001 1.566 (1.373;1.759) <.001
 Secondary 2.718 (2.484;2.952) <.001 2.719 (2.485;2.953) <.001 2.717 (2.483;2.951) <.001 2.722 (2.489;2.956) <.001
 College 3.819 (3.441;4.196) <.001 3.819 (3.441;4.197) <.001 3.823 (3.445;4.201) <.001 3.836 (3.458;4.213) <.001
Wealth index
 Low Ref    Ref    Ref      
 Medium 0.618 (0.430;0.807) <.001 0.618 (0.430;0.807) <.001 0.621 (0.433;0.810) <.001 0.626 (0.438;0.814) <.001
 High 1.176 (0.967;1.384) <.001 1.176 (0.967;1.385) <.001 1.175 (0.967;1.384) <.001 1.177 (0.969;1.386) <.001
Work status
 Never worked Ref    Ref    Ref      
 Retired 0.311 (0.086;0.537) 0.007 0.249 (−0.323;0.821) 0.393 0.310 (0.084;0.536) <.01 −0.042 (–0.373;0.289) 0.803
 Presently working 0.445 (0.213;0.677) <.001 0.375 (0.189;0.940) 0.193 0.441 (0.209;0.674) <.001 0.274 (–0.088;0.635) 0.138
Social participation
 Lesser Ref    Ref    Ref      
 Sometimes 0.330 (0.140;0.520) <.001 0.329 (0.139;0.519) <.001 0.511 (0.197;0.825) <.001 −0.149 (−0.462;0.163) 0.348
 More 0.842 (0.633;1.051) <.001 0.841 (0.632;1.050) <.001 0.923 (0.631;1.215) <.001 1.034 (0.585;1.484) <.001
Depression
 No Ref    Ref    Ref      
 Yes 0.254 (0.003;0.505) <.05 0.254 (0.003;0.505) <.05 0.258 (0.007;0.509) <.01 0.249 (−0.002;0.499) 0.051
WHODAS score
 Low Ref    Ref    Ref      
 Medium −0.327 (−0.514;-0.141) <.001 −0.328 (−0.514;-0.141) <.001 −0.329 (−0.515;-0.142) <.001 −0.324 (−0.511;-0.138) <.001
 High −0.937 (−1.139;-0.735) <.001 −0.939 (−1.142;-0.737) <.001 −0.934 (−1.136;-0.732) <.001 −0.936 (−1.138;-0.734) <.001
Working X gender
 Never work X male     Ref         
 Retired X female     0.065 (−0.570;0.700) 0.842       
 Presently working X female     0.089 (−0.539;0.717) 0.78       
Social participation X gender
 Lesser X male        Ref      
 Sometimes X female        −0.294 (−0.688;0.099) 0.142    
 More X female        −0.056 (−0.489;0.377) 0.799    
Work X social participation
 Never work X lesser           Ref   
 Retired X sometimes           0.904 (0.440;1.368) <.001
 Retired X more           −0.009 (−0.568;-0.551) 0.976
 Presently working X sometimes           0.582 (0.126;1.038) <.05
 Presently working X more           −0.211 (−0.757;0.335) 0.448
Constant −0.682    −0.615    −0.777    −0.554   
R2 0.378    0.378    0.379    0.381   
Number of observations 5212    5212    5212    5212   
F statistics 166.3    150.4    150.6    138.6   
  1. Ref Reference Category