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Table 4 Comparisons among Individualized Tai-Chi, Traditional Tia-Chi and Control group using Two-way Repeated Measures ANOVA

From: Effects of individualized Tai-Chi on balance and lower-limb strength in older adults

  p values for Repeated Measures ANOVA p values for testing the simple effect of time on Group
Group Time The Interaction between Time and Group Individualized Tai-Chi Group Traditional Tai Chi Group Control Group
Functional Balance Assessment
 BBS 0.4033 0.0000* 0.0019* 0.000* 0.000* 0.104
 TUG 0.5991 0.0000* 0.0520 0.000* 0.069 0.087
 FRD 0.2537 0.0376* 0.5537 0.058 0.130 0.749
Muscle strength
 RH F 0.0500 0.0001* 0.1677 0.000* 0.010* 0.370
 LH F 0.0757 0.0002* 0.2739 0.002* 0.006 0.376
 RH E 0.1295 0.0000* 0.1999 0.000* 0.016* 0.018*
 LH E 0.1215 0.0001* 0.0736 0.000* 0.139 0.146
 RH Ab 0.0091 0.0004* 0.2362 0.000* 0.098 0.221
 LH Ab 0.1291 0.0000* 0.0017* 0.001* 0.000* 0.696
 RH Ad 0.0358* 0.0003* 0.0442* 0.000* 0.019* 0.759
 LH Ad 0.0227* 0.0000* 0.0309* 0.000* 0.019* 0.493
 RK F 0.0058* 0.0001* 0.0538 0.000* 0.039* 0.427
 LK F 0.0363* 0.0004* 0.0698 0.000* 0.088 0.458
 RK E 0.1118 0.0008* 0.0017* 0.000* 0.296 0.930
 LK E 0.0794 0.0110* 0.1773 0.003* 0.177 0.790
 RA Df 0.1552 0.0000* 0.3439 0.000* 0.010* 0.121
 LA Df 0.0799 0.0000* 0.0439* 0.000* 0.001* 0.337
 RA Pf 0.5485 0.0000* 0.0114* 0.000* 0.063 0.325
 LA Pf 0.3887 0.0001* 0.0001* 0.000* 0.325 0.943
  1. Abbreviations: BBS Berg Balance Scale, TUG Timed up-and-go, FRD Forward reach distance, RH Righ hip, F Flexor, LH Left hip, E Extensor, Ab Abductor, Ad Adductor, RK Right knee, LK Left knee, RA Right ankle, Df Dorsi-flexor, LA Left ankle, Pf Plantar-flexor
  2. *p < 0.05