Skip to main content

Table 2 Distribution of SPPB subtest scores according to sex and age. n = 7474

From: Norwegian reference values for the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB): the Tromsø Study

Sex, age (years), and SPPB subtest Mean score (SD) Subtest score
0 1 2 3 4
Men, n = 3501
40–59, n = 1044
 Balance 3.98 (0.18) 9 (1) 1032 (99)
 Walking speed 3.99 (0.12) 12 (1) 1031 (99)
 Chair sit-to-stand test 3.89 (0.45) 15 (1) 59 (6) 962 (93)
60–69, n = 1460
 Balance 3.91 (0.36) 27 (2) 65 (4) 1366 (94)
 Walking speed 3.96 (0.21) 5 (0) 49 (3) 1406 (96)
 Chair sit-to-stand test 3.78 (0.60) 7 (0) 17 (1) 41 (3) 160 (11) 1235 (85)
70–74, n = 519
 Balance 3.83 (0.48) 20 (4) 46 (9) 452 (87)
 Walking speed 3.90 (0.35) 8 (2) 35 (7) 476 (92)
 Chair sit-to-stand test 3.65 (0.72) 4 (1) 12 (2) 17 (3) 96 (18) 390 (75)
75–79, n = 319
 Balance 3.69 (0.69) 5 (2) 20 (6) 41 (13) 252 (79)
 Walking speed 3.76 (0.49) 10 (3) 55 (17) 254 (80)
 Chair sit-to-stand test 3.39 (0.88) 4 (1) 9 (3) 34 (11) 83 (26) 189 (59)
80+, n = 159
 Balance 3.45 (0.93) 21 (14) 25 (16) 107 (70)
 Walking speed 3.64 (0.71) 7 (4) 32 (21) 117 (75)
 Chair sit-to-stand test 3.04 (1.19) 6 (4) 15 (9) 28 (18) 27 (17) 83 (52)
Women, n = 3973
40–59, n = 1252
 Balance 3.98 (0.20) 6 (0) 13 (1) 1232 (98)
 Walking speed 3.98 (0.15) 20 (2) 1230 (98)
 Chair sit-to-stand test 3.85 (0.50) 6 (0) 8 (1) 20 (1) 94 (7) 1224 (91)
60–69, n = 1566
 Balance 3.89 (0.40) 25 (2) 113 (7) 1424 (91)
 Walking speed 3.92 (0.31) 10 (1) 88 (6) 1465 (94)
 Chair sit-to-stand test 3.60 (0.75) 10 (1) 41 (3) 74 (5) 310 (20) 1131 (72)
70–74, n = 630
 Balance 3.71 (0.65) 41 (7) 78 (13) 505 (81)
 Walking speed 3.82 (0.47) 15 (2) 75 (12) 538 (86)
 Chair sit-to-stand test 3.27 (0.99) 13 (2) 31 (5) 73 (12) 168 (27) 345 (55)
75–79, n = 354
 Balance 3.52 (0.86) 5 (1) 8 (2) 32 (9) 63 (18) 246 (69)
 Walking speed 3.65 (0.64) 10 (3) 88 (25) 251 (72)
 Chair sit-to-stand test 3.08 (1.11) 15 (4) 22 (6) 48 (14) 105 (30) 164 (46)
80+, n = 171
 Balance 3.19 (1.05) 4 (2) 7 (4) 36 (21) 29 (17) 95 (56)
 Walking speed 3.55 (0.78) 16 (10) 32 (19) 119 (71)
 Chair sit-to-stand test 2.73 (1.29) 14 (8) 20 (12) 26 (15) 49 (29) 62 (36)
  1. SPPB subtest scores ranged 0–4. Data are reported as number of participants (%)
\