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Table 3 Results of the matching procedure and intervention effects reported for each outcome measure

From: Early inpatient rehabilitation for acutely hospitalized older patients: a systematic review of outcome measures

Outcome measures Study Matching Intervention effects
Category Instrument Intervention Sample Setting
Floor/ceiling effects or rare event Missing data
FCT (modified) Katz ADL Index Blanc-Bisson 2008 [33] + + + NA
Brown 2016 [34] ± + + n.s.
Counsell 2000 [48] + + + + n.s.
Landefeld 1995 [50] + + +
Barthel Index Abizanda 2011 [32] ± + + + n.s.
Jones 2006 [40] ± + + n.s.
Nikolaus 1999 [42] ± + + n.s.
Lawton IADL scale Czyzewski 2013 [35] NA
Nikolaus 1999 [42] + + n.s.
ADL staircase Stenvall 2007, 2012 [28, 29] Lundström 2007 [26, 28] ± ± NA
FIM Eyres 2005 [36] ± + + + NA
mDRI Hagsten 2004 [37] ± NA + ± n.s.
mKB ADL scale Hagsten 2004 [37] + + + ±
MOB 6MWT He 2015 [38] + + + + NA
10MWT Czyzewski 2013 [35] ± + + + NA
30CST Torres-Sanchez 2017 [45] ± + + +
mILOAS
total score Kimmel 2016 [41] + + + + n.s.
ambulation item Oldmeadow 2006 [43] + NA + +
step negotiation item Oldmeadow 2006 [43] ± + n.s.
transfer items Oldmeadow 2006 [43] ± NA +
activPAL Taraldsen 2014 [31] ± + +
Handheld dynamometry Torres-Sanchez 2017 [45] ± + + +
OLS Torres-Sanchez 2017 [45] ± + + +
PPAS Czyzewski 2013 [35] ± NA + +
SPPB Prestmo 2015 [30] + + + +
TUG Czyzewski 2013 [35] ± + + + NA
UCLA scale Czyzewski 2013 [35] ± NA ± NA
COVS Stenvall 2007, 2012 [28, 29] Lundström 2007 [26] + NA + + n.s.
HU LOS Barnes 2012 [47] + + + +
Huusko 2000 [49] + + + +
Siebens 2000 [44] + + + n.s.
Vidan 2005 [53] ± + + + n.s.
Discharge destination Naglie 2002 [51] + + + +
Stenvall 2007 [28] ± + + + n.s.
Hospital costs Barnes 2012 [47] + + + +
ACE Medical complications Stenvall 2012 [29] + NA + + NA
Vidan 2005 [53] + + + +
Mortality Asplund 2000 [46] ± + + n.s.
Vidan 2005 [53] ± + +
AIS Stenvall 2007,2012 [27,28,29] + +
Falls Stenvall 2007 [27] + + + +
PSY Self-Efficacy Gauge Eyres 2005 [36] ± + + + NA
Life Satisfaction Index Eyres 2005 [36] + + + NA
GDS Lundström [26] + + n.s
15D HRQOL Pitkälä 2008 [52] ± + + +
COG CAM Jeffs 2013 ± + + n.s
OBS scale Lundström 2007 [26] + + +
MMSE Lundström 2007 [26] ± + + + n.s.
  1. 6MWT 6-Minute Walk Test, 10MWT 10-Meter Walking Test, 30CST 30-Seconds Chair Stand Test, AIS Abbreviated Injury Scale, CAM Confusion Assessment Method, COVS Clinical Outcome Variables Scale, FIM Functional Independent Measure, GDS Geriatric Depression Scale, HRQOL Health-related Quality of Life, LOS Length of stay, mDRI modified Disability Rating Index, mILOAS modified Iowa Level of Assistance Scale, mKB ADL scale modified Klein-Bell ADL scale, MMSE Mini-Mental State Examination, OBS scale Organic Brain Syndrome scale, OLS One Leg Stance, PPAS Postoperative Patient Activity Scale, SPPB Short Physical Performance Battery, TUG Timed Up and Go, UCLA scale University of California, Los Angeles Activity scale
  2. +, “match”; ±, “limited match”; −, “no match”; NA, not available; ↑, significant between-group differences in favor of the intervention group (p ≤ 0.05); n.s., no significant between-group differences in favor of the intervention group (p > 0.05)