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Table 1 Characteristics of subjects (n = 448)

From: Frailty state among Indonesian elderly: prevalence, associated factors, and frailty state transition

Characteristics n (%)
Sex
 Female 268 (59.8)
 Male 180 (40.2)
Age group
 60–69 years 158 (35.3)
  ≥ 70 years 290 (64.7)
Frailty status
 Robust 59 (13.2)
 Prefrail 276 (61.6)
 Frail 113 (25.2)
Functional status
 Independent 301 (67.2)
 Dependent 147 (32.8)
Nutritional status
 Normal 327 (73.0)
 Risk of malnutrition 110 (24.6)
 Malnourished 11 (2.5)
Polypharmacy
 No 109 (24.3)
 Yes 339 (75.7)
Comorbidities
 Hypertension 264 (58.9)
 Diabetes Mellitus 168 (37.5)
 Coronary heart disease 54 (12.1)
 Dyslipidemia 159 (35.5)
 Osteoarthritis 142 (31.7)
 Chronic kidney disease 69 (15.9)
 Cataract 49 (10.9)
 Osteoporosis 44 (9.8)